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Leonardo Da Vinci

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Leonardo Da Vinci biography

“Painting is poetry that is seen rather than felt, and poetry is painting that is felt rather than seen.”

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519)

Leonardo da Vinci is considered to be one of the most famous artists of all times. By being one of the creators of High Renaissance art in Italy, he is renowned as a master of oil painting, including the painterly techniques of chiaroscuro and sfumato, which the talented painter used while working on his masterpiece, Mona Lisa. He was good in artwork, sculpting, constructing, building design, science and definitely deserves his name to be remembered along with other genius people of the Renaissance era.

Leonardo da Vinci was born in a family of a well-known Italian attorney, Ser Piero on April 15, 1452, in Anchiano. His house was nestled near the town of Vinci that provided the last name we associate with the legendary artist today. Leonardo’s mother, Caterina, married another man and a little boy started to live with the family of his father.

Leonardo didn’t go to formal school and got an informal education in math, geometry, and Latin. A child was incredibly gifted, and his talents in drawing and painting were noticed by everyone who had an opportunity to work with him. A wide number of special skills da Vinci picked up from a well-known artist Verrocchio. By being an apprentice, Leonardo learned metallurgy and leather arts as well as polished the skills he acquired earlier. When he was 20, he became one of the members of the painters’ guild of Florence. Leonardo also cooperated with Verrocchio on his painting “Baptism of Christ” at the same time. There are other works of his dating that time. The first one is Ginevra de’ Benci, depicted in 1474. It is the female portrait of the seventeen years old Ginevra de’ Benci with the blurred sky, trees, and mountains on the background. As reported by historians da Vinci’s favorite subject to paint was Madonna and Child. He depicted several paintings on this theme along with a number of sketches and drawings. Painted on 1478, Benois Madonna is a gaudy portrait of Madonna and a Child showing love and tenderness to each other. One of the other works created during this period was a Saint Jerome (1480). Leonardo painted Saint Jerome kneeling in a humble posture near the cross of Christ in the desert. This work illustrates the difficult period in the life of the artist, which can be compared to a desert and drought without water and rain.

In 1478, Leonardo began to work independently and received his first task for an altarpiece in a chapel inside Florence’s Palazzo Vecchio, which was never completed. In 1482, Florentine ruler Lorenzo de’ Medici asked da Vinci to design a silver lyre for Ludovico Sforza. During that time Leonardo demonstrated his engineering knowledge by sketching different war machines to be built. A young talent also created a lofty equestrian statue, in bronze, to honor dynasty founder Francesco Sforza that took 12 years to execute. Da Vinci was incredibly gifted in science and art. Moreover, he did not see a division between them. He said that the combination of both helped him to become a better artist. While living in Milan, Leonardo started to paint “The Last Supper” mural composition. This work was a renovation to the church delegated by Ludovico Sforza. Da Vinci represented the scene of The Last Supper of Jesus with his twelve disciples, as it is described in the Gospel of John, 13:21.

After the downfall of his patron Ludovico Sforza in 1499, Leonardo Da Vinci escaped to Venice and then to Florence. There he gave birth to one more series of portraits included “La Gioconda” or “Mona Lisa.” This exquisite work of High Renaissance portrait art is named after its subject, Lisa del Giocondo, born Lisa Gherardini, the wife of a Florentine merchant. Painted between approximately 1503 and 1506, “Mona Lisa” is an instant of total illumination, carried with equal intensity through to the rocks and sky in the background. The artist draws the mysterious smile of Mona Lisa to shed some of light on the portrait. Those who appreciate the power of art also noted the enigmatic quality of the woman depicted in her eyes and corners of the mouth. The detail of the face shows the effect of sfumato technique used by da Vinci as his signature. “Mona Lisa” is the only Leonardo da Vinci’s portrait from that period of his life that survived. It is housed at the Louvre Museum in Paris, France, where it attracts millions of visitors.

Leonardo wanted to reproduce gestures and movements more accurately, and thus, he started studying the anatomy of human and animal bodies. Besides, he devoted his time to study botany, geology, zoology, hydraulics, aeronautics, and physics. Da Vinci conducted scientific observations and had a few papers and notebooks where he noted all his theoretical comments.

At the last years of his life, Leonardo returned to Milan to work for the French rulers who had overtaken the city. Despite the fact that those years he dedicated to scientific studies, he did a little painting and had a few students.  Later, in 1513 he relocated to Rome. At this age, he produced only one painting, the “Saint John the Baptist.” The piece depicts Saint John the Baptist in isolation. Through a use of chiaroscuro, the figure appears to emerge from the shadowy background. Saint John is dressed in pelts, has long curly hair, and is smiling resembles the one of ‘Mona Lisa.”

This painting expresses the extreme consequences of Leonardo’s treatment of light; the light is continuously filtered from the dark background to the more prominent planes in the foreground, and itself becomes an expression of space and physiognomy, merging with the figure and the face, as it leans forward and smiles enigmatically, and with the symbolic raising of the finger; this is no longer ‘a voice crying in the wilderness’ but the guardian and witness of an initiatory secret, a means to the comprehension of the essence of humanity and hence the cosmic essence.

In 1515 the new French monarch offered da Vinci the title “Premier Painter and Engineer and Architect to the King.” Leonardo da Vinci died on May 2, 1519, at the age of 67. His impact on art is tremendous. He is known as an artist who permanently enriched western culture.

When can we trust our senses to give us the truth?

  Many people approach art in their own fashionable way. An example of this would be the famous painting, "the Mona Lisa," by Leonardo Da Vinci. In this painting, many spectators have comment on the figure's smile, whether or not is it an optimistic smile, or an iniquity smile. Our eyes can only scrape the surface of the painting, but the true meaning behind it is far beyond our senses reach. Another example of this would be the piano composition, "Fi?? r Elise" by Beethoven. In this piano composition, the melody that is being portrayed brings forth is a soothing romantic piece. Many people believed that the reason why Beethoven wrote this song was because he was heartrending over a woman. However,...

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The Masters I: Leonardo da Vinci review

In which of these areas did Leonardo da Vinci make discoveries? He foreshadowed modern theories of the formation of continents. What is chiaroscuro? a painting technique that means light-dark What technique does da Vinci use in The Last Supper to create depth? perspective What scene is depicted in The Last Supper? when Jesus told the apostles that one of them would betray him Which of the following is an example of how innovative Leonardo da Vinci was in his artwork? his use of chiaroscuro Leonardo Da Vinci, also referred to as a Renaissance man, was a dedicated ________ and _________. artist...

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The Masters I: Leonardo da Vinci

What significance do Leonardo's technical achievements have? Scientists have actually built some of them. Which of the following is not one of da Vinci's contributions to technology? ideas for space travel What is Vitruvian man? world renowned drawing of the correct human proportions According to the information presented in the lecture, which of the following inventions commonly used today was first designed by Leonardo da Vinci? a helicopter Which of the following is true about the Mona Lisa?[1] all of the above How is Leonardo da Vinci?s The Last Supper different from traditional depictions? He represents the Trinity by painting Christ in an equilateral triangle and by grouping the apostles in threes. What is sfumato? the technique of blending colors so that there is no outline What is one geometrical fact explained in the...

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Giants of History- Leonardo da Vinci Vocab Terms

Polymath A Renaissance man: Someone who is very knowledgeable in many different subjects Humanities History, public speaking, literature, art: subjects that are the actions of humans Anatomy The structure of living things Leonardo da Vinci Genius of the Renaissance, he was a painter, sculptor, inventor, engineer, town planner, architect, musician, mathematician, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. Botanist Person who studies plant biology cartographer mapmaking realism interest in or concern for the actual or real, as distinguished from the abstract, speculative, etc. apprentice a person who works for another in order to learn a trade sculptor a person who practices the art of sculpture. perspective a method of showing a three dimensional scene on a flat surface so that it looks real Renaissance the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern...

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First semester World History Study guide-Giomi

In what ways did Leonardo da Vinci represent himself as a Renaissance man? He was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist. Who declared himself the head of the English church? Henry VIII What was the major theme of John Calvin's teaching? Predestination For what was the Medici family famous for? Being patrons of the arts. The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on which subjects? Literature, history. philosophy Who was the important Catholic reformer who founded the Jesuits order? Ignatius of Loyola Who were Desiderius Erasmus, Thomas More, and Francois Rabelais? Christian Humanists What was the Renaissance the rebirth of? art and learning Luther protested the selling of indulgences. What were indulgences? The buying and selling of sin pardons. What was the full sized book Gutenberg printed? The Gutenberg Bible What did Vasco de Gama succeed in gaining...

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Who is Leonardo Davinci?

Leonardo had an unusual way of writing. What was it? He wrote backward/mirror image Who were the two artists that competed with da Vinci? Michaelangelo and Raphael What was da Vinci's greatest fault? He never finished things. List two of his most famous paintings? Mona Lisa and Last Supper What happened to da Vinci's horse sculpture? the French shot at it for target practice What are three plans of modern technology he designed? bicycle, helicopter, plane What did da Vinci design to improve sanitation conditions? sewer What unusual method did he use to study bodies? he studied dead corpses Who was da Vinci's teacher/master artist? Verrocchio Why did Verrocchio retire? He could not paint as well as da Vinci. When was da Vinci born? April 15, 1452 Where was he born? Vinci, Italy When did he die? May 2, 1519 What was the period or style...

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Art 100 Midterm- Chapter 6

Pigment coloring material Binder substance that allows pigment to be shaped into sticks or fluid to adhere to the drawing surface Graphite a soft, crystalline form of carbon; naturally occurring drawing medium that leaves trails of gray particles Metalpoint thin wire made of a relatively soft metal such as silver; wire is drawn across a dried ground and leaves a thing trail of metal particles that tarnish to a pale gray Charcoal charred wood Crayon powdered pigments mixed with a greasy or waxy substance Pastel powdered pigments mixed with a non-greasy binder in water then dried into sticks Chalk kind of soft, white limestone; black, red and white but is not used much today Pen and Ink consists of ultra fine articles of pigment suspended in water, binder is used to help adhere to surface Ink Wash ink diluted...

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Artistic Achievements of the Renaissance

A major theme present in Renaissance art, but not in Medieval art, is the role of humanism. Which best describes the images that Michelangelo painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? stories from the Old Testament of the Bible Compared with Medieval art, Renaissance art often appeared to be lifelike. Which best states how the use of perspective made Renaissance art appear different than Medieval art? Perspective added depth to Renaissance art that Medieval art did not show. A reason that Renaissance art looked different from Medieval art is that it was generally created for wealthy patrons. Supporters of art during the Renaissance were called patrons. A famous work by Leonardo da Vinci that was commissioned by the Catholic Church is The Last Supper. During the Renaissance, an artist who was considered a...

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Artistic Achievements of the Renaissance

Which best describes the images that Michelangelo painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? stories from the Old Testament of the Bible Which sentence best describes characteristics of Renaissance art? Renaissance art had both religious and secular themes. Compared with Medieval art, Renaissance art often appeared to be lifelike. A famous sketch by Leonardo da Vinci showed an early version of an airplane. Study The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo. One of the elements that makes the painting a major Renaissance work of art is its use of realism. Study The Adoration of the Magi by Sandro Botticelli. The artistic technique used in this painting is best described as perspective. A reason that Renaissance art looked different from Medieval art is that it was generally created for wealthy patrons A common theme found in both...

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Art History: The Masters I: Leonardo da Vinci

What is sfumato? The technique of blending colors so that there is no outline. How is Leonardo da Vinci?s The Last Supper different from traditional depictions? A and B are correct. Which of the following is a characteristic of the Mona Lisa, and different from other traditional works? All of the above. How was da Vinci?s The Last Supper created, causing the belief that the painting will be completely lost one day? He used a very thin layer of dry plaster to create a version of a fresco that shortly began to peel away from the wall. Which of the following titles was da Vinci given because he did a little bit of everything and was very gifted at all that he did? Renaissance Man. What significance do Leonardo's technical...

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Art History

Which of these manuscripts does not depict Matthew the Evangelist? A. the Utrecht Psalter Who was Nun Guda? A 12th century German nun who illustrated the Book of Homilies. What is a clerestory ? A clear glass window that is located near the roof of the church in Ottonian architecture What is horizontal log construction? A. a method of construction used in Scandinavia during the Middle Ages Which of these areas did the Vikings plunder? D. both A and B (England&Ireland) What is wattle and daub? A construction technique using woven lattice of wood strips made from wet sand, soil, clay, animal dung, and straw. What medium was used to make the Bayeux tapestry? A. embroidered cloth What was displayed in the portals of the Cathedral of Saint James? B. didactic sculptures What language is used...

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Art terms ch. 5,6,7

fresco a painting medium in which colors are applied to a plaster ground, usually a wall or ceiling genre the daily lives of ordinary people considered as subject matter for art Binder/Medium a substance in paints that causes particles of pigment to adhere to one another and to a support washes ink or watercolor paint thinned so as to flow freely onto a support tenebrism where there are violent contrasts of light and dark and where darkness becomes a dominating feature of the image Raphael was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance renaissance the period in europe from the 14th to the 16th century characterized by a renewed interest in classical art, architecture, literature and philosophy guernica a painting done by Picasso in a response to the bombing of Guernica Caravaggio was an italian...

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World History: Chapter 17

Utopia an imaginary land described by Thomas More in his book ¨Utopia¨(ideal place). Annul to cancel or set aside. Humanism Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements. Luthern a member of a protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther. Henry VIII King of England. Catholic. Defender of Faith." Church didn't allow divorce so he killed his wives when they couldn't give him children. Johann Gutenberg developed the printing press. Vernacular native language What was the Renaissance? What does it mean? The Renaissance is a period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world. What was Humanism? What subjects do they study? Humanism is a Renaissance...

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Leonardo Da Vinci Vocabulary

Altar piece A religious painting made for the altar of a church Composition The arrangement of figures in a painting Two dimensional Having only height and width Gothic Medieval period of architecture noted for pointed towers, ribbed vaults, and pointed arches Script Handwriting Three dimensional Having height, width, and depth Linseed oil Substance added to pigment to make oil paint Cast Making a statue by pouring liquid metal or plaster into a mold and letting it harden Sfumato A painting technique that shows softened outlines and blurred shadows to give a "smoky" effect City state A state that has its own government and consists of a city and its surrounding area Abacus A tool used for performing calculations by sliding counters along rods Vanishing point A single point in a picture where all parallel lines seem to meet Tempera A type of paint made of...

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Artistic Achievements of the Renaissance:Pre-test

Which best describes the images that Michelangelo painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel? stories from the New Testament of the Bible stories from the Old Testament of the Bible lessons the Church wanted to teach lessons Michelangelo wanted to teach stories from the Old Testament of the Bible During the Renaissance, an artist who was considered a "Renaissance man" because of his expertise in several areas was Michelangelo. Donatello. da Vinci. Botticelli. da Vinci. A reason that Renaissance art looked different from Medieval art is that it was generally created for the Catholic Church. created for major political figures. created for aspiring artists. created for wealthy patrons. D How does the use of perspective affect the appearance of individuals in Renaissance paintings? They appear to be flat. They appear to be larger. They appear to be closer to...

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The Masters I: Leonardo da Vinci

Which of the following is true about the Mona Lisa?(1) all of the above What is sfumato? the technique of blending colors so that there is no outline Which of the following is not one of da Vinci's contributions to technology? ideas for space travel Which of the following is true about the Mona Lisa?(2) It is highly replicated work. What symbolism does da Vinci use in his representation of The Last Supper? the shape of Jesus resembles a triangle Which of the following titles was da Vinci given because he did a little bit of everything and was very gifted at all that he did? Renaissance Man How was da Vinci?s The Last Supper created, causing the belief that the painting will be completely lost one day? He used a very thin...

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Leonardo Da Vinci

When was Leonardo da Vinci born? April 14, 1452 When did Leonardo die? May 2, 1519 What age was he when he died? 67 What era did da Vinci live? Renaissance What type of art was rediscovered at this time? Ancient Rome and Greece art What is the Mona Lisa? One of Leonardo's most famous paintings What was da Vinci also known as? A universal genius Where did Leonardo spend his final years? The king of France's castle What was Leonardo da Vinci? An expert in many fields What did da Vinci invent? Weapons for the Duke of Milan Where is the Mona Lisa located Muse du Louvre, Paris What was the most famous painting of Leonardo's? Mona Lisa What belonged to the king of France? Mona Lisa Was Leonardo famous while he was living? Yes Why did popes, princes, and the king compete for Leonardo? To paint for...

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Art and Humanities test 2

d Which of the visual elements can best be described as "the path of a moving point"? a. Motion b. Time c. Mass d. Line e. Light e Lines are used in art to indicate: a. boundaries between forms. b. direction and motion. c. shadows and highlights. d. spatial depth on flat surfaces. e. All of these answers are correct. d Raphael's The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a: a. trapezoid. b. square. c. pyramid. d. triangle. e. circle. d A black-and-white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene's colors but captures the ________ of the colors. a. pigments b. chromas c. harmonies d. Values e. All of these answers are correct. a Charles White's...

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Art History: The Movement II: People

How are the nudes in the images below depicted differently? The nude in the painting on the left is depicted more maternal than erotic. What original character did the mercenary replace in the image above? A second woman. What is Correggio's most famous piece? Assumption of the Virgin. Who was Titian most inspired by? Giorgione. What artist is depicted in the image above? Titian. What artistic skills are best represented in the image above? Color and form. Correggio was known for creating _________ and ____________ effects. Dramatic; theatrical. In the work seen above, Correggio brought in the______________ of ___________ work. Idealism; Raphael's. Which of the following is Giorgione most well known for? Pastorals. What technique of Leonardo da Vinci's is demonstrated in the fresco seen above? Sfumato. Where is the image above located? Parma Cathedral. What does the sensuous quality of this...

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RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION TEST!!!!!

Renaissance Meaning re-birth A fresh start French for re-birth Humanism The study of humans a new outlook of renaissance. Reformation Religious change. Protestants People who protested against catholic church Where did the Renaissance begin? In Italy in 1350 A.D When was writing invented 3000 B.C What TWO important inventions happend during this time period . WHY were they do important? •Telescope ~Allows new discoveries to be made around the world •Printing Press ~Monks don't have to write whole long books, takes a shorter time so books will print faster. What religion formed during this time period. WHY? Protestants, because they protested against Catholic Church. WRITING •Shakespeare •Julius Caesar ~Antony and cleopatra ~romeo and Juliette ~mac beth ~hamlet Impacted because he inspired people through poetry to write, wrote in native language brought ideas through writing. ART DaVinci ~Mona Lisa, The last supper, designed canals, disected corpes. His impact is...

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Art History I: 16th Century Art in Italy – the Artists: Topic Test Review

The three master artists of the High Renaissance were __________. B. Michelangelo, Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci How are the Sistine Chapel paintings arranged? B. They begin at the altar and end near the chapel entrance. What family did Michelangelo become the chief artist for? B. Medici How does Raphael show how important a figure is in School of Athens? Answers may vary. By placing the figure towards the center. Who sculpted the Old Sacristy, opposite the New Sacristy by Michelangelo? Brunelleschi Leonardo Da Vinci, also referred to as a Renaissance man, was a dedicated ________ and _________. D. artist...

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Leonardo da Vinci Paintings

Mona Lisa It is a picture of a woman with dark hair and dark clothing. Most people claim she is La Gioconda (La Joconde) Last Supper A painting of Jesus with his decipiles at the last supper. Virgin (Madonna) of the Rocks Includes Madonna, Christ the Child, John the Baptist and an angel. Annunciation Most likely his first completed artwork. It is an angel with the virgin Mary. The Virgin and Child with St. Anne It includes baby Jesus, Virgin Mary, and her mother St. Anne. It shows Jesus's passion with the lamb. Want more paintings? Tell me in the comments! :) ...

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AP Euro Chapter 16

the scientific revolution of the 17th c. was k all of the following are considered possible influences and causes of the scientific revolution EXCEPT the practical knowledge and techinal skills emphasized by 16th c. universities which of these ancient authrorities was not relied on by medieval scholars Galileo accoding to leonardo da vinci, what subject was key to understanding the nature of things mathematics scholars devoted to hermeticism saw the world as a living embodiment of divinity where humans could use mathematics and magic to dominate nature the general conception of the universe before copernicus was that the earth was the stationary center and heavenly spheres orbited it the greatest achievements in science during the 16th and 17th c. came in what 3 ares? astronomy, medicine, and mathematics the prolemaic concpetion of the universe...

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World History

Leonardo da Vinci was an excellent example of Renaissance Italy's social ideal because he was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician. The city-state that was led by a group of wealthy merchant-aristocrats was Venice. Machiavelli encourages rulers and would-be rulers to believe that human nature was self-centered. According to Castiglione's book, The Book of the Courtier, a noble should do all of the following except farm the land. The third estate was made up of all of the following except nobles. All of the following are associated with painting during the High Renaissance except Machiavelli. Paintings and sculptures of the Renaissance were more realistic. Humanist educators of the Renaissance stressed all of the following except practical tool skills Renaissance women were educated in religion and morals. Chrisine de Pizan is best known for her works written in defense...

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ch 10-13 music

A pizzicato effect is created on a string instrument when _____. Select one: a. the strings are bowed b. the strings are plucked c. the finger slides along the string the strings are plucked The "heart" of the orchestra is the _____ section. Select one: a. percussion b. brass c. string string The bowed string instrument with the highest range is the _____. Select one: a. violin b. viola c. cello d. double bass violin The term arpeggio, meaning "broken chord," is derived from the name of what instrument? Select one: a. Guitar b. Harp c. Double bass harp Which brass instrument has a movable slide? Select one: a. Trombone b. Trumpet c. Tuba trombone Keyboard instruments are not easily classified into one of the four Western families. Select one: True False true Percussion instruments are considered "pitched" or "unpitched." Select one: True False true The English horn belongs to the brass family. Select one: True False false The timpani are percussion...

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Art final

what type of printmaking is involved in the linoleum project relief print why did we use linoleum rather than wood it has no grain, so it carves easier what is the name of the tool used to rub the print to make the image the baren what is the name given to the surface we carve and print from the block what is the name given to the tool used to apply the ink the brayer what is the name given to the surface we roll the ink on the slab what material did we use to glue down the linoleum contact cement when making a single color print on white paper with black ink, which areas of the block will print black the raised parts which direction should you carve away from your body how should you...

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the renaissance

a noble must have all of these characteristics except a standard education __________ was called the father of italian renaissance humanism petrarch the divine comedy includes all of these three sections except earth the flemish painter jan van eyck was one of the first to use and perfect this technique oil painting thomas more's book utopia is about an ideal state leonardo da vinci was an excellent example of renaissance italy's social ideal because he was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician christine de pizan is best known for her works written in defense of women The frescos painted by _____ have long been regarded as the first masterpieces of early Renaissance art masaccio christian humanists believed that if people read the classics and especially the basic works of christianity, they would become more pious in 1528,...

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Leonardo Da Vinci

Slide 2 Leonardo Da Vinci was born in Vinci, Tuscany, Italy on the 15th of April 1452. His Mother father, Ser Piero, was a public notary. He went to school in Italy and studied geometry and Latin. He grew up in nature, and began to use his profound skill of observation to learn about the world around him. He lived there until he was 14. He then moved to Florence where he began an apprenticeship in the workshop of Verrocchio. Slide 3 While growing up Leonardo was fascinated by animals and insects. Throughout his long life, he never stopped studying nature-plants, anatomy, the movement of water, the mechanics of flight-and applying his observations to his art. Slide 4 He was a scientist, a mathematician, an...

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