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Caravaggio

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Caravaggio biography

CARAVAGGIO

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571-1610)

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was born in 1571 in Italy in Lombardy. It is still unknown where this outstanding person was born, and the date of his birth but the scientists suggest that he could have been born in Milan, or in a small town of Caravaggio. He was the eldest son in the family. When the epidemic of plague began in 1576, the family of Michelangelo had to move from Milan to Caravaggio. He lived there until 1591. The following date, 1584, interrupted this period. He became a pupil of the Milanese artist Simone Peterzano. After training with this painter unfairly forgotten by all, Michelangelo was to receive the title of artist, but no supporting facts on this subject have survived.

Explosive Character

In 1592, the family Caravaggio again experienced another tragedy when their mother died. After this incident, the entire inheritance of the parents was divided among the children. The artist received a good share, which was enough to leave his hometown and move to Rome. According to some reports, he left Milan for a serious reason, and many biographers believe that he killed or seriously injured a man, so he had to move. Michelangelo had a quick temper. Fights and imprisonment became the companions of his life.  The first time in the capital of Italy, Caravaggio had difficulty with finding work, but soon he began to work as an apprentice to Giuseppe Cesari, who was considered at that time one of the best artists in Italy. But their cooperation was short-lived. Caravaggio came to the hospital because his horse hit him very hard and after his recovery, he decided to work independently.

The New Stage

Soon Michelangelo met Cardinal Francesco del Monte. He saw several paintings by Caravaggio, and he liked them very much. Cardinal was an educated and cultured person, he appreciated art and was a friend of Galileo, and in 1597, he took the young artist to his service, providing him with a good salary. So three more years passed, and they were not in vain. The artist was noticed, and he began to receive more and more orders. It was at this time that he wrote such paintings as “The Appeal of the Apostle Matthew” and “The Martyrdom of the Apostle Matthew,” and also “The Crucifixion of the Apostle Peter.”

Contemporaries were amazed by his talent. He painted very realistically, his paintings were filled with drama and were very original. He painted in defiance of the religious standards that existed at that time. Of course, there were opponents of his work, who believed that he depicted the saints very mundane. His painting “Saint Matthew and the Angel” was rejected by the church ministers as unworthy. This picture was acquired by the famous collector of the time Marquis Vincenzo Giustiniani, who bought more than 15 paintings afterward.

Scandalous Fame

By 1604, Caravaggio became Italy’s most famous artist of his time, but in addition, he was known as the most scandalous artist, because there was always heated controversy around his paintings. The name of Caravaggio was also associated with bad glory, the glory of the offender. His name appeared more than 10 times in the list of those who violate the law with their careless antics. They included wearing a cold steel without permission (Caravaggio wore a huge dagger), hurling a tray in the waiter’s face, smashing the windows in the house, and these were the least harmless offenses. The artist even spent some time in prison. On May 28, 1606, he killed a man. If earlier, while he was living in his homeland, this fact was not confirmed, this time it is known for certain. Michelangelo had to flee. The remaining 4 years of his life he had to spend in exile. At first, he was not far from Rome. He still hoped that he would be pardoned. Realizing that this was impossible, he went to Naples. And even there he found customers. 9 months after, he moved to Malta. In Malta, Caravaggio worked very productively, and for his services to the Order of Malta, he was initiated into his knights. But the nature of the artist made itself felt. After another skirmish with a high-ranking adviser of the order, Michelangelo was sent to prison, from which he fled to Sicily.

By the end of the artist’s life, his authorities were no longer looking for him, but he had another danger. It was the revenge of knights. In the autumn of 1609, Michelangelo suffered greatly. In 1610, irony played a cruel joke with the artist, he was sent to prison, but by mistake. He was released soon. But after falling ill with malaria, he died on July 18, 1610, at the age of 39.

Features of Creativity

The work of Caravaggio, which did not belong to any particular art school, arose as an opposition to the dominant trends in Italian art of the late 16th and early 17th centuries. The picturesque manner of Caravaggio is based on powerful contrasts of light and shadow, an expressive simplicity of gestures, saturation of color, which create emotional tension and dramatic effect. The folly of the images, the bold assertion of democratic artistic ideals put the artist in opposition to contemporary art.

The significance of Caravaggio turned out to be huge because he was the first in the history of European art to proclaim the essence of artistic images of life-specific phenomena, people for their own occupations, the things that surround them in reality. The innovation of Caravaggio’s concept was that painting became a literal reproduction of life. The creative attitudes of the master, like his numerous followers in different European countries, did not change even when they turned to religious subjects.

The influence of Caravaggio on all subsequent art is enormous. Art was no longer obsessed primarily with the ideal, but saw in nature, as in life itself, the simultaneous presence of opposing principles. In this sense, the picture “Basket with fruit,” where ripe and juicy fruits lie next to rotten and withered ones, is very revealing. As a result, the picture becomes not a proud statement of nature and life, but sad contemplation of the essence of our being.

Entombment of Christ ( caravaggio )

which church was this painted for otarian in santa maria in vallicella who paid for the comission girolamo vittrice how many figures does it consist of 6 who are the figures jesus nicodemus john the evangelist mary magdelene virgin mary other mary where was it aimed to be placed above the altar what is john the evangelist opening as he grips jesus' side .. his wound - reminder of his death what two things are coming into the viewers space that involved the spectator the corner of the tomb stone the elbow of nicodemus what do the bare feet represent the humility and poverty mary magdelene's arms are raised towards.. heaven -- symbolising the crucifixion of christ the colours of red echo the blood of christ the light would be described as tenerberous the white drapery of jesus' clothing symbolised purity which great sculptor is it like/influenced by pieta...

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Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1614-20, Oil on Canvas

Historical Context • Rome, 1593-1652/3 • Portraitist, historically known for full scale religious paintings • Depicted sophisticated understanding of anatomy, perspective, sense of drama • Transmitted Caravaggesque style to Florence, Genoa & Naples • Oldest child of Orazio Gentileschi (painter highly respected follower of Caravaggio) • Tutored at home by father as women denied access to formal means of education (attractive for husband, talented) -> then Agostino Tassi (colleague & friend of Orazio) in company of a female chaperone • Joined the Academy of the age of 23 • 1612 - Orazio accused Tassi of raping daughter, 5 month trial, during which Artemisia was cross-examined under torture, refusing to change her testimony Tassi pleaded innocence, 8 months jail and was ultimately acquitted...

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Fine Art: Unit 1

What Renaissance convention is reflected in Bernini's David? The statue depicts the subject matter with lifelike accuracy. How does Gianlorenzo Bernini's Fountain of the Four Rivers reflect the beliefs of the people during the Baroque period of Italy? The fountain served as a public emblem of the Catholic Church's dominance and authority. What is a Baroque convention Bernini used in his David? capturing figures in a split second of action Which statement best describes Caravaggio's approach to painting? Caravaggio focused on realism and used dramatic compositions and lighting effects. What technique did Caravaggio use in The Conversion of Saint Paul to make the main figure appear to project into the viewer's space? foreshortening Which of the following best describes tenebrism, a technique Caravaggio developed and mastered? an extreme lighting effect in...

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Art History Test 3

What feature did Albrecht Dürer add to the Italian Renaissance style that influenced him? a. a rejection of Classical form b. the use of mathematical laws of perspective c. a brighter and livelier color scheme d. a more rugged, liner style d. a more rugged, liner style Which artist wrote Four Books of Human Proportion? a. Dürer b. Bruegel c. Holbein d. Bosch a. Dürer Which artist became famous for woodcuts and engravings, such as his portrait of Erasmus? a. Bosch b. Holbein c. Dürer d. Grünewald c. Dürer Albrecht Dürer's engraving Melencolia helped to develop the concept of the artist as: a. a whimsical voluptuary. b. of no importance to the work of creation. c. a confident creator. d. a gloomy genius. d. a gloomy genius Which artist created the Isenheim Altarpiece? a. Dürer b. Holbein c. Grünewald d. Bosch c. Grünewald How did Grünewald's...

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Italian Baroque Art

If a painting has verisimilitude, it is _____. truthful A person in the Baroque period would most likely _____. be more open-minded about religion and science than previous people Qualities of the Baroque era include all of the following except _____. balance Italian Baroque architecture is typified by all of the following except _____. simple, unadorned facades Which of the following is NOT true about the work of Caravaggio? It is classical Caravaggio's work was shocking because of _____. its realism The intended effect of Bernini's colonnade at Saint Peter's Church is _____. to embrace people in the "arms" of the Catholic Church Who was the patron of Velázquez? Philip IV ...

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"David with the Head of Goliath"

Artist? Caravaggio Year? 17th Century Period? Italian Baroque David with the Head of Goliath Why did Caravaggio portray himself as Goliath? He was fleeing the government and thought that portraying himself as Goliath was a way to gain sympathy and he would be able to return to his home Explain tenebrism in relation to this painting The lighting (shadows, contrast) are very extreme. They help high light the subject and draw attention to what Caravaggio wants the viewer to see. It also helps create an atmosphere to evoke the feeling Caravaggio is going for. ...

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Unit 1 : Unit 1: From Baroque to Romantic

How does David, by Italian Baroque artist Gianlorenzo Bernini, demonstrate a departure from Renaissance conventions? The figure breaks into the viewer's space and engages the viewer. How does Gianlorenzo Bernini's Fountain of the Four Rivers exhibit Italian Baroque characteristics? The fountain was a combination of artistic disciplines that created a dramatic experience. How did Caravaggio depart from Renaissance traditions to create paintings that reflect the Italian Baroque style? The artist focused on naturalism and created drama through an intense use of light and dark. What convention did Italian Baroque artist Caravaggio use in The Conversion of Saint Paul? The artist used foreshortening to bring the figure to the front of the painting and project him into the viewer's space. How did the Spanish Baroque artist Diego Velázquez organize...

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Art History II

Who was the Baroque artist, heavily influenced by Caravaggio, who was an early feminist artist? Be able to identify her work in a slide. Artemisia Gentileschi - painted women ~What philosopher, Plato or Aristotle, does the Baroque appear to draw from? Be able to apply to paintings by both Caravaggio and Annibale Carracci. Aristotle-realism Caravaggio, Plato- ideal Carracci Aristotle- Baroque Be able to identify and differentiate between Michelangelo's Renaissance David, and Bernini's Baroque David. Michelangelo's David is contrapposto and static wile Berninis David is dramatic and dynamic (showing movement) What are the main differences between Baroque and Renaissance painting? Use Caravaggio and Raphael as examples the Renaissance focuses on past works wile the Baroque combines old works together, DIVERSITY, also more drama. Caravaffio Is very dramatic, realistic,...

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Italian Baroque Caravaggio

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Drawing & Painting Sem. 1

What is a composition? the plan or placement of element in a work of art What are the "rules" for a strong composition? avoid centering use leading lines let the object run off the edge of the picture plane avoid large areas of negative space don't split the composition in half vertically,horizontally, or diagonally What is the Rule of Thirds? split the composition into thirds vertically and horizontally What is sighting? XXXXXXX What does the term "chiaroscuro" mean? "light-dark" Why might Caravaggio have painted himself as Goliath in "David and Goliath?" if he painted is guilt plea he won't be guilty in reality In 1600 the Catholic Church was under siege by who, and what was their new message for those in need of salvation? by the Protestants of Northern Europe; "read the bible" What did the Protestants...

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AP Euro Quiz

Paracelsus Advanced the treatment and diagnosis of disease. Thought that diseases were caused by chemical imbalances. University of Padua The best and one of the only scientific learning centers in Europe. It was also under the protection of Venice, which had hostile relations with the Pope. There were discussions and debates there facilitating new ideas and questions. Vesalius 1543 wrote text called "On the Fabric of the Human Body" that has become the foundation of modern anatomy using dissections. Copernicus Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543) Epicycles a circular orbit of a body in the Ptolemaic system, the center of which revolves around another circle- the deferent Neoplatonic school of religious and mystical philosophy that took shape in the...

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Middle Ages (Medieval art) *1000 yea period between the fall of Rome until the Renaissance (went from classical art of Greece and Rome to the Renaissance [rebirth]) *400/500-1400/1500 AD *This corresponds with emperor Constantine declaring Christianity as the official religion of the roman empire in 312 AD *Middle ages includes three styles of art an architecture 1) Byzantine Style: Central dome churches, mosaics, icons 2) Romanesque Style: Latin/roman cross churches, vertical orientation, rounded arches 3) Gothic style: Latin cross design continues, height emphasized *Territory rules by the roman empire at its height in 117 AD practiced polytheism (worshipped many gods) until 312 BC when Christianity (monotheism) becomes official religion of roman empire Three major shifts that occurred in middle ages that had far reaching effects on western civilization: 1) Cultural...

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MIssed Class: Caravaggio and his followers; Artemisia Gentileschi

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The Age of Baroque (Bernini, Caravaggio and Gentileschi)

1600-1750 The Age of Baroque time period true Major enlightenment took place at this time. barroco irregularly shaped pearl (precious but strange) drama This era was characterized by an increase in _________. Bernini our sculptor for this moment Bernini designed the piazza for St. Peter's motion, space, time Three big characteristics that are embodied in Bernini's David Bernini designed St. Peter's square Caravaggio super confident, arrogant, and dramatic painter of this era tenebrism exaggerated chiaroscuro; a style of painting that uses very strong contrast and light Caravaggio this painter's depiction of St. Paul's conversion of St. Paul was super scandalous because sexual Gentileschi became a painter because her father was a painter Gentileschi first woman to be accepted into the Academia del Disegno in Florence Gentileschi her self portrait is one of the most daring and creative in the history of self-portraiture to that point ...

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Class 3: Caravaggio

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio Now known by name of small town near Milan where his family lived (Caravaggio). - Father died age 6, household administrator of Francesco Sforza, Marchese of Caravaggio and a descendant of powerful family for whom Leonardo had worked in 1480s - Not bron into poverty nor to a family of artists, though grandfather may have been an architect - 1584 apprenticed for four years to Simone Peterzano, a mediocre Milanese painter who bragged about having studied with Titian - unconventional painting techniques and rebellious character - Inheritance lasted him, reached rome as unknown painter from Milan w few connections; received no public commissions until 1598 and survived by painting works sold to dealers and by assisting in Giuseppe...

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Caravaggio Final

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Cal Poly Art 112 Final Italian art (Caravaggio and Baroque)

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Michelangelo Caravaggio

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The Entombment of Christ

Date? Commission? Size? Artist? Genre? 1604 Paid by Girolamo Vittrice for the burial of his Uncle Pietro who had died in 1600 For the Oratorian Church - Filippo Neri's Oratory 300cm x 201xm (most Baroque stuff was massive) Caravaggio Historical and Religious What Church is the Oratorian Church in? Where would it have been positioned in the Church? Santa Maria Vallicella - which is close to the Piazza Navona Above the Altar- to complement the Liturgy of the Mass Who were the Vittrice family closely connected to? to the Flippo Neri Oratory and allied with "populist, pauperism wing" Who was Pietro close with? To Neri himself and supported work of the Oratory with its emphasis on Charitable work, vs Ritual, idea of simple and direct faith. Where did the Oratorians come from? They were a church made up by...

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ARTH-100-TEST II – CARAVAGGIO

Carvaggio I want to introduce you, now, to an artist who used strongly contrasting values of light and dark to create very dramatic works of art. His name is Michelangelo Caravaggio (Italian, 1571-1610). He was born Michelangelo Merisi in Caravaggio, Italy. Later, he was given the name of his birthplace. Like Rembrandt, he is known today simply as Caravaggio. Emmanus In the painting, The Supper at Emmaus, we see a moment of dramatic revelation. This is a scene from the New Testament that takes place in the aftermath of the crucifixion. Christ's disciples are in shock and disarray at the sudden death of Jesus, and the disappearance of his body. Two of his disciples are on the road to the town of Emmaus,...

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Baroque and Counter Reformation

Ecstasy of St Theresa Corner Chapel, church of santa maria della vittoria Rome, Italy Gian Lorenzo Bernini C. 1647-1652 CE Marble (sculpture); stucco and gilt bronze (chapel). 3 Images. Name: What it's in: Location: Artist: Date: Materials: exterior cornaro chapel Ceiling of St. Matthew Caravaggio C. 1597- 1601 CE Oil on Canvas Contarelli Chapel Name: Artist: Date: Material: What it's in: catholic resurgence in response of the reformation started Counter Reformation inspire faith Typical of Baroque art, this sculpture tries to engage the viewer in order to Counter Reformation Bernini expressed ideas of __________ by using the ornate elements of the church to express a direct relationship between the individual and the spiritual realm. True True or False Bernini involved the viewer through the entire space of the chapel which suggests we are part of the audience witnessing the spiritual event. All of the marble was finished in the same way, unifying the...

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Lectures 10: 17th Century Art in Italy I

Style in art and architecture developed in Europe from about 1550 to 1700, emphasizing dramatic, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and overall balance of disparate parts. Associated with Catholicism Baroque The Catholic Church's series of reforms in response to the spread of Protestantism in the mid-1500s to the early 1600s ● Clarity, simplicity ● Truth to scripture ● Stimulate piety Counter-Reformation Exhibits all the stylistic features characteristic of Mannerism's early phase in painting by represents a departure from the balanced, harmoniously structured compositions of the High Renaissance. Artificiality of the figures: • Athletic bending and twisting w/ distortions • Elastic elongation of the limbs • Heads rendered as uniformly small and oval • Contrasting colors, primarily light blues and pinks, add to the dynamism and complexity of the work - the colors...

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Fine Arts

Leonardo da Vinci Mona Lisa Pablo Picasso Guernica Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles D'Avignon Salvador Dali The Persistence of Memory Grant Wood American Gothic Edvard Munch (pronounced MOONK) The Scream Sandro Botticelli The Birth of Venus Jan van Eyck (pronounced IKE) The Wedding of Arnolfini Edward Hopper Nighthawks Leonardo da Vinci The Last Supper Eugene Delacroix Liberty Leading the People Jacques-Louis David) (Da-VEED) The Death of Marat Raphael The School of Athens Francisco Goya Third of May 1808 Pablo Picasso The Old Guitarist Jackson Pollock (abstract expressionism) Number 5, 1948 Rene Magritte Son of Man Leonardo da Vinci Adoration of the Magi Leonardo da Vinci John the Baptist Michelangelo The Sistine Chapel Michelangelo The Creation of Adam Edouard Manet Luncheon on the Grass Hokusai The Great Wave off Kanagawa Mary Cassatt Child's Bath Giorgio de Chirico Melancholy and Mystery of a Street Marcel Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 Salvador Dali (surrealism) The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory Andy Warhol (pop art) Campbell's Soup Cans Piet Mondrian Broadway Boogie Woogie Marcel Duchamp The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even Henri Matisse Red...

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The Calling of St Matthew

Date? Medium? Artist? Size? Commision? Genre? 1600 Oil on Canvas Caravaggio 322cm x 340cm Matthew Contarelli (A French Cardinal for his burial tomb) Historical/ Religious When did Matthew Contarelli buy the Chapel San Luigi dei Francese in Rome? When did Contarelli die? Was the commisin complete? 1565 1585- No the commission had not been completed and the chapel had not yet been decorated as the artists and sculptors had failed to deliver. Who was responsible for the the execution of the will? The executioner was Crescenzi. What happened in 1597? The priests of San Luigi petitioned the Pope (Clement VIII) to do something about the bare chapel. What did the Pope do in order to start the commission properly? Ordered the office of works of St.Peters (Fabbrica di San Pietro) to take over responsibility for the completion of the works from...

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Art Test 1

Bernini -Invented baroque art -Roman -Portrait busts -Virtuosity and realism Piazza of St. Peters -Bernini's architect -Outdoor plaza/open urban space -space defined by curving colonnades David -Bernin's sculpture -life size full body marble sculpture -biblical david about to throw stone at goliath -shows mental state of anger and aggression Caravaggio -Italian -intense realism -started with small self portraits and still lifes -focused on effeminate men and religious scenes -dramatic contrast btw dark and light background Conversion of St. Paul -Painted by caravaggio -Paul sent to carry out persecution of christianity -significance of light shining on paul Calling of St. Matthew -Caravaggio -depicts the very moment matthew realizes jesus is calling out to him -contrasts light -vivid colors -contrasts gestures and expressions Gentileschi -italian baroque painter -not easily accepted by artistic community bc woman -followed caravaggio's style -violent subject matter Judith and Holofernes -gentileschi -relentlessly physical and bloody -she inserts herself into the painting...

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Lecture 13

*Caravaggio, Penitent Magdalen, Patron: Cardinal Francesco Maria del Monte - absorption Art historian Michael Fried "the depiction of figures so deeply engrossed in what they are doing, feeling, and thinking that they strike the viewer as wholly unaware of anything else, including the presence of the viewer before the painting." - Formal analysis Narrative clues Proliferation of descriptive details Comparison with Titian, Penitent Magdalen - Subject in the context of the Counter-Reformation *Caravaggio, The Calling of St. Matthew, Contarelli Chapel, Rome - Patron: Cardinal Matteo Contarelli - Subject matter: Matthew (9:9): "Jesus saw a man called Matthew at his seat in the custom-house, and said to him, 'Follow me'; and Matthew rose and followed him." - Formal analysis tenebrism: extreme...

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Art History 102B Exam 2 People

St. Teresa Saint Teresa of Ávila was a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun, author during the Counter Reformation, and theologian of contemplative life through mental prayer. She was a reformer of the Carmelite Order and is considered to be a founder of the Discalced Carmelites along with John of the Cross. Martin Luther Martin Luther was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, former monk and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Late Medieval Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. He proposed an academic discussion of the power and usefulness of indulgences in his Ninety-Five Theses...

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Art history test 2

Baldacchino (Bernini-16th-Century-Vatican City, Rome) Canopy-like structure Type of Baroque Architecture Tenebrism (17th century) Introduced by Caravaggio Painting in shadowy manner; everything in shadow with punches of light. Ex: Calling of Saint Matthew; Conversion of Saint Paul Chiaroscuro (Renaissance) High contrasts of light and dark Originated during the Renaissance Evolved rapidly in the 17th century Rembrandt developed the technique and took it further than anyone else Caravaggisti Followers of Caravaggio Transverberation means to be pierced thru by an arrow, causing a mystic vision Ex: Bernini, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa Vanitas Latin for "vanity"; references fragility of life; mortality memento mori literally means "reminder of death"; refers to each object in a Vanitas still life divine right Belief that king's absolute power is God's will fête galante Literally means "amorous festival"; scenes of outdoor entertainment Ex: Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cythera Exemplum Virtutis Literally means "Model/Example of...

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ART 1301-56312 TCC NORTHEAST QUIZ9

Many Baroque characteristics developed as propaganda for the: Counter-Reformation All of the following artists epitomize the High Renaissance except: Donatello In her painting, Judith and the Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, Artemisia Gentileschi demonstrates the close influence of: Caravaggio The influence of Neoplatonism would be most likely when, in a painting, a Renaissance artist highlights a: Nude classical goddess In The Conversion of St. Paul, Caravaggio created drama through the high contrast of lights and darks, and the use of extreme: Symmetry Masaccio's The Holy Trinity fresco is considered to be the first painting based on the systematic use of: Linear perspective Michelangelo's David has a naturalistic pose, set in contrapposto, demonstrating the influence of: Greek sculpture In the 17th century, in the Netherlands, the major patrons of paintings were: The wealthy merchant class With...

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Michelangelo, Caravaggio & Bernini

1489-92 ; Casa Buonorotti; Marble Madonna of the Stairs 1492; Casa Buonorotti; Marble Battle of the Centaurs 1493; Church of Santo Spiritu; Painted Wood Crucifix 1257-1539; Church of Saint Dominic, Bologna, Marble Shrine of Saint Dominic 1494-95; Church of Saint Dominic, Bologna, Marble St. Proclus, Angel from the Shrine of Saint Dominic 1496-97; Bargello, Florence; Marble Bacchus 1532-35; pen and ink; Statliche Museum, Berlin Michelangelo's Bacchus in the garden of the Galli house in Rome (Maarten van Heemskerch) 1498-99; Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome; Marble Pieta 1501-1504; Academia Gallery, Florence; Marble David 1503-04; Tempera and oil on panel; Uffizi Gallery, Florence Tondo Doni 1503-05; Marble; Bargello, Florence Madonna and Child (with the infant St. John) Pitti Tondo 1st century CE (Roman copy of Greek Original); Marble; Uffizi Gallery, Florence; Marble Laocoon and his Sons 1505-06; Marble; Accademia Gallery, Florence; Marble Saint Matthew 1505-45; Marble; San Pietro in...

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