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Greek Architecture Essays

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Before the flowering of the classic Greek architectural there were two important periods of development in building that had come before

Before the flowering of the classic Greek architectural style in the mainland there were two important periods of development in building that had come before. The Minoan c. 2600–1100 BCE and Mycenaean c. 2800–1100 B. C. E. civilizations prospered in the island of Crete and in mainland Greece for close to 2,000 years. Many of their accomplishments in art and architecture were unknown to the Greeks of the seventh and sixth centuries BCE but some memory of their accomplishments was preserved in mythology and epic poetry such as the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, and some archeological traces of their structures survived. The Minoans are known by the modern name given to them resulting from the mythical king Minos who...

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Greek Architecture

The architecture of ancient Greece is represented by buildings in the sanctuaries and cities of mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, southern Italy and Sicily, and the Ionian coast of Turkey. Monumental Greek architecture began in the archaic period, flourished through the classical and Hellenistic periods, and saw the first of many revivals during the Roman Empire. The roots of Greek architecture lie in the tradition of local Bronze Age house and palaces. The following paper will cover the basic forms of Greek architecture. One of the many types of Greek building structures was Sacred Architecture. The Greeks conceived of their gods in human form, as anthropomorphic representations of the forces and elements of the natural world. These gods and goddesses were...

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Greek Architecture Essay

Architecture represents the time period or culture for which it was built. The Berlin article discussed some interesting details concerning the rebuilding of their culture. There were many famous architect who had different views on how Berlin should be built in order restore the culture of the past. “This is Berlin?s “Capital Dilemma” the title of a new book by author Michael Wise, who examines the quest to develop building which are fitting to united Germany?s new status in Europe, while stressing a break with its turbulent history.” This quote from the Berlin article shows that architects wanted to rebuild Germany to reflect their culture of the past, present, and future. The architecture must show styles of the past so...

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Greek Architecture and the Parthenon Essay

Architecture according to Encarta 99 is the art or science of designing and constructing buildings. There are many different types of architecture, but they all eventually trace back to the Greeks and Romans. The Greek s roots lie in the Aegean civilization; nevertheless its particular characteristics have made it one of the most established influences in Western architecture. One of the most important and famous examples of Greek architecture is the Parthenon located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. Greek architecture is usually broken up into four different periods: the Geometric and Orientalizing periods (c. 1100 BC to 650 BC), the Archaic period (c. 660 BC to 475 BC), the Classical period (c. 475 BC to 323 BC) and the Hellenistic...

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Greek approach

What particular contributions did the Greeks make to the development of urban form? How did the Greek approach to city planning affect later urban development? The Greeks assisted the development of urban form with numerous imperative contributions, all of which promoted each other in succession. Firstly, there was the colonisation movement, which evolved as a result of urban growth pressure. Greeks considered the optimum city population to be 30,000; once this figure was reached a new, completely independent city would be established at another location. These new colonies created the opportunity to move away from the organic city growth of traditional Greek cities and onto systematic urban planning. (Owen 2001:1) This involvement of the gridiron street plan is the second fundamental contribution...

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Greek and Roman Architecture Essay

Running Head: Greek and Roman Architecture Greek and Roman Architecture By: Michelle Garrotters Art 101 November 2nd, 2008 Head: Greek and Roman Architecture Compare the characteristics and innovation of each Greek and Roman Architecture. The Greek and Roman architecture is very impressive for not only their time but also in our time today. The Greek architecture uses the columns in almost all of their temples. The shapes of the columns were extremely important to the Greeks. They used three different types of columns. The "Doric", "Ionic", and the "Corinthian". All of these columns have a center piece that would be for displaying their Greek God(s) with what ever decorations. The Temple of Olympian Zeus is an example of "Corinthian" columns. The...

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Ancient greek architecture

The foundation of the temple was measured over 350 by 180 feet [about 110 by 55 meters] in size; probably one of the largest temples built in the ancient times. Temple of Artemisia was built around 323 BC in Usually, Turkey. The city was once called Ephesus. The whole temple was built as a dedication to the Greek Goddess Artemisia. When discussing about Greek Architecture, the most distinctive element is the classical orders. Columns in Ancient Greek period were used externally and internally. Nowadays, Orders are still used in shared public places such as churches, universities, court buildings, museums, etc. Other elements such as: buildings on platform, peripheral columns, pediment, are equally important in Greek Style. First Church of Christ, Scientist...

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Greek Inspired Architecture in Boston, MA

Greek Architecture in Boston My first discovery of classical architecture was made the moment I stepped outside my apartment, as my building has two Doric columns framing the front door. As I meandered over the hill and across the Common I realized exactly how prevalent classical architecture really is. Elements of classical architecture can be found on almost every building in the old residential neighborhoods and many commercial buildings feature columns and arches as well. I saw all three orders of columns, arches, and even a dome. The only architectural element I was unable to find was a iron vault. The Massachusetts State House, about half a block from my apartment, has many examples of classical architecture including a large gold...

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Ancient greek architecture

The foundation of the temple was measured over 350 by 180 feet [about 110 by 55 meters] in size; probably one of the largest temples built in the ancient times. Temple of Artemisia was built around 323 BC in Usually, Turkey. The city was once called Ephesus. The whole temple was built as a dedication to the Greek Goddess Artemisia. When discussing about Greek Architecture, the most distinctive element is the classical orders. Columns in Ancient Greek period were used externally and internally. Nowadays, Orders are still used in shared public places such as churches, universities, court buildings, museums, etc. Other elements such as: buildings on platform, peripheral columns, pediment, are equally important in Greek Style. First Church of Christ, Scientist...

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The temple architecture of ancient Greece and Rome

Brought down from Mount Pinstripes, it was then transported ten miles on oxen-drawn carts to Athens. 5 The Parthenon was regarded in its prime as the finest example of a Doric temple, due mainly to the refinement of already well establish deed aspects of appeal. 6 Typically, only one order was used in the construction of temples in certain areas; Doric in western and mainland Greece, and Ionic on the coast of Asia Minor and in the Aegean islands. The Parthenon is an exception to this, however, as it contains certain Ionic elements throughout its structure also, making it unique. The home to an Ionic frieze, the Parthenon had two rooms, most likely in accordance with the sun - one...

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Greek and Roman Architecture Essay

Running Head: Greek and Roman Architecture Greek and Roman Architecture By: Michelle Garrotters Art 101 November 2nd, 2008 Head: Greek and Roman Architecture Compare the characteristics and innovation of each Greek and Roman Architecture. The Greek and Roman architecture is very impressive for not only their time but also in our time today. The Greek architecture uses the columns in almost all of their temples. The shapes of the columns were extremely important to the Greeks. They used three different types of columns. The "Doric", "Ionic", and the "Corinthian". All of these columns have a center piece that would be for displaying their Greek God(s) with what ever decorations. The Temple of Olympian Zeus is an example of "Corinthian" columns. The...

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Individual building forms of Greek Architecture

Even more popular is the emphasis on specific types of monuments. Temples received priority from the start of investigations and continue to hold a certain status because of their communal effort and relatively high expenditure. Thus, they form the subject of numerous articles and are frequently represented in volumes arising from the investigation of a site or the work of an archaeological school, as demonstrated by the publications already cited. An individual temple may also be the focus of a book published independently of a site-specific series. This is the case, for example, with recent studies of the archaic Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, the Temple of Athena at Makistos (Greece),the Olympieion in Athens, and Temple M at Selinous. The goal...

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The Parthenon is the finest work of visual art

One of the most recognizable icons, popular tourist attraction and perhaps finest works of visual art (architecture) in the world is the Parthenon in Greece which sits atop the Acropolis (a high point of land that was set aside for an important part of that city-state). The Parthenon was actually a replacement of an existing temple and was built, made completely of ivory and gold and sculptured by Phidias, a renowned sculptor, in attempt to “show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power.” (University) The mere fact that it is still existent (although decrepit) and recognized globally is testament to the significance of visual arts. Then there are the many fine pieces of Greek artwork (including monuments, vases, vessels and...

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