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Architecture

Artscolumbia / Applied arts  / Architecture

Straw Bale House, Sarah Wigglesworth & Jeremy Till

The Straw Bale House, known also as The House of Straw, was the concept, design and accomplishment of Sarah Wigglesworth and her partner Jeremy Till. The idea was to create a modern urban working and living environment discovering solutions to both eco-friendliness and sustainability whilst simultaneously promoting awareness to these factors. But how eco-friendly was the build and the materials used? And now eight years after the completions just how eco-friendly and sustainable is 9 Stock Orchard Street? Before I can examine the ideas behind the design of this build it is better if you first understand the site and layout itself. Firstly the building has an L shape layout with the longer side running perpendicular to the railway line. It...

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Japanese Temple Architecture

Architecture has always been a reflection of nation's customs and traditions. According to Robert Treat Paine et. al. (1955), ancient religious architectural monuments of Japan are Shinto and Buddhist places of worship like shrines, monasteries and temples. Temple architecture in Japan began to develop shortly after the spreading of basic doctrines of Buddhism in the middle of the VI century from the Korean state Paekche. Buddhist belief was not only a new and very profound philosophy for Japanese, but one of the most impressive examples of a developed culture of the Asian continent. By the end of the VI century Japan has built up impressive monasteries based on the continental model, and by mid-VIII century it has developed a national...

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The architecture of Brasilia

The capital of Brazil became Brasilia on 21st of April 1960. It was a new city created from scratch. It was the important achievement of the populist president Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliviera, who was in office from 1957 to 1961 (Williams 2009: 95). The city represents many identities such as a frontier city, a development project, an utopian experiment in modern urbanism, a detached center of political power and an Eldorado of opportunity. Migrants come to the city mainly for economic gain. As soon as they come across the desolate plateau, the landscape changes about 40 kilometers from the capital and they are confronted with the separation of modernist Brasilia from familiar Brazil. Brasilia starts as 14-lane speedway roars and catapults...

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Pantheon analysis, Rome, Italy

For many people, the world over, the Pantheon is just another stop on Rome's famous tourist trail. When considered amongst Rome's other architectural wonders, it is understandable that the significance of the Pantheon is sometimes overlooked. However, if one stops and takes a closer look it soon becomes evident that the Pantheon is an ancient building of immense significance, "inspiring much emulation, commendation, and some say even fear." This essay shall analyze the Pantheon, paying particular attention to the construction details, mainly the entrance and dome, as well as the building's form and function.Although we do not know the identity of the Pantheon's architect, we can safely say that he was a perfectionist, and a genius. The building, completed around 137 AD,...

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Urban Design Through the Work of Donovan Hill’s Architect

This essay will explain about the key features and themes of the urban design as in BVN Donovan Hill works in their commercial/public buildings. Donovan Hill architects was established in Brisbane in 1992 by two principles, Brian Donovan and Timothy Hill are graduate of the University of Queensland. Most of their design approach practiced in Australia is influenced by United Kingdom and United States architects and theorist such as Colin Rowe, Christopher Alexander and Colin St John Wilson. BVN Architecture is one of Australia’s biggest architectural practices, well-known for award winning across a broad and diverse portfolio in Australia and outside Australia. “The architectural engagement ranges from civic and institutional projects to office and residential design, tourism projects, industrial developments,...

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Design of Lodging Facilities

Hotels as we know them now with private rooms, elegant lobbies, restaurants, lounges, meeting rooms, banquet rooms, recreation facilities and back-of-the-house components evolved in 1829. Later part of the Nineteenth century marked the beginning of application of technological innovations like centralized heating, indoor plumbing, gas, electricity, lighting, elevators, phones and more. The hotels and resorts became centers of social activity. Then hotel segmentation began. Lodging is a type of residential accommodation. People who travel and stay away from home for more than a day need lodging facility. Lodging is done in a hotel, hostel, a private home (commercial, i.e. a bed and breakfast, a guest house, a vacation rental, or non-commercially, with members of hospitality services or in the home...

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Frank Lloyd Wright biography

Frank Lloyd Wright was born on June 8, 1867 in Richard Center, Wisconsin, and died on April 9, 1959 in Phoenix, Arizona, at the age of 91. He was the sun of William Cary Wriight and Anna Lloyd Jones. A preacher and teacher respectively. He had two younger sisters Jane and Maginel to whom I could find no further referance. His early life was nomadic, He lived in Rhode Island, Iowa, and Massachusetts, in addition to Wisconsin. His familly finally settled in Madison, Wisconsin in 1878 where he lived until' he was 20. In 1885, his parents divorced and he never saw his father again. To help support his familly, Wright worked for Allan Conover, a Dean of the University...

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The Parthenon is the finest work of visual art

One of the most recognizable icons, popular tourist attraction and perhaps finest works of visual art (architecture) in the world is the Parthenon in Greece which sits atop the Acropolis (a high point of land that was set aside for an important part of that city-state). The Parthenon was actually a replacement of an existing temple and was built, made completely of ivory and gold and sculptured by Phidias, a renowned sculptor, in attempt to “show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power.” (University) The mere fact that it is still existent (although decrepit) and recognized globally is testament to the significance of visual arts. Then there are the many fine pieces of Greek artwork (including monuments, vases, vessels and...

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