Write opposite words, similar words, synonyms, etc, Circle and highlight the graph. SE arrows. Make notes. Circle the biggest, the smallest. Stable or unchanging parts, sudden increases, etc. Identify trends, A trend is the overall idea of the graph what is happening/what happened the main change over time the most noticeable thing about the graph the pattern over time the pattern for different places or groups or people. Most graphs will have two trends, or there will be two graphs with a trend in each.
You could tell about the tag;WA trends in TN,VOW separate paragraphs. Make sure you have identified the trends in the graph. Introduction ; First sentence: Describe the graph. You can use some slightly different words or word forms from those on the question paper, but be careful to give the full information. Start “The graph shows” ; Second sentence: This gives the trend or trends. You can put two trends in this sentence or only one – you could keep the other one for the conclusion. Start “Overall, Paragraph 1: Trend 1 ; Start with a sentence with no number. City size increased sharply over the period,” “The most obvious trend in the graph is that women are having fewer babies. ” “Oil production has increased slightly in all the countries in the graph” ; Follow his sentence with an example (sentence with number) and perhaps another example (another sentence with number), Keep alternating. Paragraph 2: Trend 2 ; ; Conclusion English materials by Veronica Etiology @ Learnable Ay 2008 NV”. Televangelism. Com Business English page 2 Start with a sentence with no number. City size increased sharply over the period. ” Give an example (sentence with number) and perhaps another example Finish by repeating the main trends, or identify a second trend. Use different vocabulary. ; Don’t have any numbers in the conclusion (you could use words like “most”, the majority” “a minority”, “a small number”). ; Don’t give an opinion. While You Write: Some Don’t ; Don’t describe the X and Y axis. Give the information. ; Don’t write about everything on the graph. Pick the biggest, the smallest, the main points, the main trends.Order now
Group similar things together ; Don’t write about the line or the bar: WV he line went up,” WV he bar went down. ” Instead, write about the idea. “The number of people going to work by train increased gradually. ” “Oil production shot up in 1965” ; Make sure you write about the idea. Don’t use shorthand: “Men went up. ” ‘Women went down. Instead, write about the real data: *The number of men at university fell dramatically,” WV he percentage of female students getting a degree rose suddenly. ” ; ; Word Length Make sure you have SIS words.
You should have some short sentences (about 6-10 words) and some long ones (12-18) words, but your average should be about 12 or 13 words per Sentence. A Sentence Without a number Will usually be short. Use a mix – a sentence without a number followed by a sentence or two with a number. Http://Venn. Adam. HTH. AC. Awe/hid/English/graphs/bipartisanship’s. HTML Don’t use “I feel”, “as have Mitten,” “as you can see,” etc. Keep it academic. Don’t start sentences with But, So, Also, And, For, Since, Because, Although www. Televangelism. Mom Business English Page 3 Place the overdo in the right column, then add a few more words of your own be constant expansion growth reduction stability climb extension improvement rise stagnation collapse fall level off shoot up stand at cut go down push down soar stay at Verbs Verbs Verbs Verbs Verbs Verbs Nouns Nouns Nouns Nouns Nouns Nouns Business English Page 4 Transitive and intransitive verbs A transitive verb is an action verb. Second, it requires a direct object to complete TTS meaning in the sentence. In other words, the action of the verb is transferred to the object directly.
To determine whether a verb is transitive, ask whether the action is done to someone or something. An intransitive verb is an action verb, but it does not have a direct object. The action ends rather than being transferred to some person or object or is modified by an adverb or adverb phrase. Increase raise step up expand improve decrease drop cut go down maintain keep increase rise grow expand improve decrease drop decline fall stay at reach a peak remain stable Write sentences using the transitive and intransitive verbs trials by Veronica Etiology O Learnable Ay 2008 www. Televangelism. Ron Business English Page 5 Introduction to Pie Charts You are usually asked to compare 2 pie charts but sometimes you only have 1 chart to describe, Single Pie Chart Paragraph 1 Describe what sort of chart it is and what it is about. Paragraph 2 Describe the sections of the graph starting with the biggest and working your way down. Paragraph 3 A short conclusion giving an overall view of what the chart is about. Two Pie Charts If you have 2 pie charts they will be giving similar information so you can compare the two. This type of Writing is similar to a compare and contrast essay.
Paragraph 1 Explain that they are pie charts and say what they are describing. This is the same as line graphs except there are 2. Paragraph 2 Compare the data between the two charts. Start with the biggest sectors and work your way down. Paragraph 3 Conclusion. Mention the important similarities and differences. English materials by Veronica Etiology ;O Learnable Ay 2008 view. Televangelism. Com Business English Page 6 Fill in the correct word a low point from rising sharply declined increased slightly sudden doubled recovered to drop remained were
In January, gold sales In February they about 200 million dirham per month. To Ads 220 million, to a peak of 350 million dirham in March. Over the next four months, sales steadily, reaching was a of 120 million dirham in July. In August, there increase. Sales almost rising Ads 120 million in July to Ads 210 million in August. This was followed by a in September to Ads 120 million. From September to October, sales from Ads 120 million to Ads 180 million. In October and November, sales steady, and there was a small increase in December million dirham. Http://whom. Adam. HCI. AC. Awe/had/English/graphs/goalless. HTML www. Televangelism. Mom Business English Page 7 Place the correct letter in the box slump drop take off decline rise soar crash rocket recover climb escalate dip plunge fall slide fluctuate pick up rally stabilize plummet bounce back flatten out hold steady Expressing approximation We use words to express approximation when the point we are trying to describe is between milestones on the graph, just under just over well under well over roughly nearly approximately around about www. Televangelism. Mom Business English Page 8 Expressing the Movement of a Line Verbs Nouns Adjectives dramatic sharp huge steep substantial considerable significant marked moderate light small minimal Adverbs dramatically sharply hugely steeply substantially considerably significantly markedly moderately slightly minimally rise (to) a rise increase (to) an increase go up to grow (to) growth climb (to) a climb boom a boom peak (at) (reach) a peak (at) fall (to) a fall (of) decline (to) a decline (of) decrease (to) a decrease (of) dip (to) a dip (of) drop (to) a drop (of) go down (to) reduce (to) a reduction (00 a slump level out a leveling out no change no change remain stable (at) remain steady (at) stay (at) stay constant (at) maintain the same level Describing the Speed Of a Change Adjectives paid quick swift sudden steady gradual slow rapidly quickly swiftly suddenly steadily gradually slowly YMMV. Televangelism. Com Business English Page 9 I _ The market is showing some signs of growth The market is extremely volatile. 3. The pound slipped back against the dollar. 4. The Swiss franc is staging a recovery. The yen lost ground slightly. 6. There’s been a dramatic downturn in the market. 7. There’s been an upsurge of interest in gold. 8. The share price bottomed out at II cents. G. Gold peaked at ‚300 an ounce. 10. Profits Will level off at around ‚10,000. 11.
Sales hit an all-time low. 12. There hasn’t been much movement in the price Of tin http:,’/view. Adorn. HCI. AC. Awe/had/English/graphs/movement. HTML Business English Page 10 Comparing and contrasting One syllable Adjectives with one syllable form their comparatives and superlatives like this: cheap cheaper cheapest large larger largest bright brighter brightest Exceptions: good better best bad worse worst Two syllables Some adjectives with two syllables form their comparatives and superlatives like this: pretty prettier prettiest happy happier happiest But many form their comparatives and superlatives like this: striking more striking most striking
Although some can form their comparatives and superlatives like this: common more common most common clever more clever / cleverer most clever ‘cleverest Three or more syllables All adjectives with three or more syllables form their comparatives and superlatives like this: attractive more attractive most attractive profitable more profitable most profitable expensive more expensive most expensive BMW. Televangelism. Com Business English Page II What are the comparative and superlative forms Of these adjectives Adjective Comparative Superlative accurate certain convenient correct dangerous happy likely modern new possible rabble up-to-date http://international. Wholesomely. Vic. Dude. AU/lilts_writing. PDF Business English page 12 Introducing visuals I’d like you to look at this graph… Let me show you this pie chart… Let’s have a look at this model… Let’s turn to this map… To illustrate my point let’s look at some diagrams…