David A Morand Formality and informality refer to situations and social relations that are more deliberate and impersonal in nature Formality and informality are understood as two distinct types of interaction orders (Goffman, 1983). They are understood as two different types of interaction orders because each embodies a distinct set of understandings or conventions about how actors are to orient and conduct themselves.
They are distinctions commonly invoked by both organizational actors and researchers The formal organization is defined as system of prescribed rules nd work relations that “express what the relations of one person to another are supposed to be” (Rothlesberger & Dickson, 1947) Bureaucratic and mechanistic organizations are most typically defined relative to a set of structural arrangements, eg in terms of high degree of specialization and division of labor, a hierarchical comman structure based on legitimate authority, or routinization of Job duties (Burns &Stalker 1961)(Weber 1947).Order now
Informality play a role in organizations in which degree f innovation, interpersonal cohesion and role flexibility are expected. Organic organizations are defined relative to a set of structural arrangements: low degree of formalization, significant lacteal communication, decentralization of decision making. The importance of organizations in modern economy and development of new and large organization are facts that make the issues like efficiency and control on the centre of attention in different social sciences . Efficiency in organization is directly linked with its organizational system.
This essay firstly will review the characteristics of bureaucracy in organization on base of classical theory. Secondly it will outline the advantages and disadvantages of bureaucracy by focus on Weber’s bureaucratic model. Finally it will discuss why bureaucracy is not always suitable to every organization. Weber’s bureaucratic model: Weber mentioned that his bureaucratic model is an ideal and logical model for setting up an organization. It means that the model under question is not a guideline for operating the daily works