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Buddhism And Confucianism Essay

Throughout history, great civilizations and people have risen and fallen, and
during their fleeting existence, religious activities have assumed important
functions in those societies. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Islam, are three
legacies left by great men, which still have a profound affect on society. Like
with all human inventions, though, these three philosophies are all relative to
each other : They are comparable in their simplicity of beliefs, the emphasis
they placed on the role of women within their society, and the transformation
into different sects in later years; but differ from each other in their
emphasis in each field respectively. The basic doctrines of these three
philosophies can be readily compared with each other. They each carry their
tenets in a basic, simple format which is easy to understand and follow.

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Their
beliefs also provide an ethical code encompassed within their beliefs, and each
has an objective to attain through simple means. In Buddhism, the fundamental
beliefs are to recognize life as cycle of birth and rebirth, and to overcome
this cycle to attain Nirvana. The fundamental beliefs of Buddhism are contained
in The Four Noble Truths, which are : 1. Life is suffering, 2. Suffering is
caused by desire, 3. The way to end suffering is to end desire, 4.

The way to
end desire is to avoid the extremes of a life vulgar materialism and of
self-torture, and to follow the Middle Path(Eightfold Path).1 Following the
Middle Path, to Buddha is the way to overcome the painful cycle of life, and are
relatively simple practices. They are thus: 1.Right understanding, or views:
recognizing that material security does not bring peace of mind and that rituals
do not erase the effects of pass acts; 2.Right motives: the quality of the drive
behind the thinking and being free from carnal thirst, malevolence, cruelty,
etc..

.; 3.Right speech: not indulging in cruel and harsh talk, thereby being
able to establish a link between ‘right motives’ and ‘right action’; 4.Right
action: any actions that proceed from an unobstructed mind. This also includes
abstaining from unwholesome actions and performing those which are beneficial;
5.Right means of livelihood: the idea of not harming living things through any
means, and to abstain from indulging in anything which would cloud the mind;
6.

Right effort: efforts taken to encourage the development of of the other paths
and to discourage any hindrances; 7.Right mindfulness: to prevent the excessive
development of of one path at the expense of another; 8.Right meditation: to
quiet the mind and present true pictures to the mind of any hindrances to the
Middle Path.2 The Middle Path, as seen above, is an ethical code for a
relatively simple life of performing good deeds, not harming yourself and
others, and maintaining ethical thoughts and frame of mind. By following the
Middle Path, a person would eventually reach enlightenment and be able to
achieve Nirvana. To the Buddha, Nirvana is the extinction of self hood and a
final reunion with the Great World Soul3.

Similar to Buddhism, Islam is also a
simple faith with simple teachings, with an easily obtainable objective. Islam’s
beliefs though are held in a monotheistic framework ,and in what is known as the
;Five Pillars of Islam.; The supreme deity of Islam is Allah and
obeying the will of Allah is done by following the ;Five Pillars of
Islam.; They are thus: 1.Every Muslim must utter ;There is no God but
Allah and Mohammed is his prophet;; 2.Every Muslim must pray five times a
day and publicly on Friday at noon; 3.

Every Muslim must give alms(charity) to
the poor and unfortunate; 4.During the holy month of the Ramadan, every Muslim
must fast from dawn to sunset; and 5.Every Muslim must make a pilgrimage to
Mecca at least once in their lifetime.4 Along with the ;Five Pillars;,
Muslims(followers of the Islam faith) must also abstain from eating pork,
gambling, drinking alcoholic beverages, and engaging in dishonest behavior.
These ;rules; are the basic laws a Muslim must obey, and they do not
require too much effort from the individual or put a strain on the individual.
By following them and by obeying the will of Allah, a Muslim is guaranteed a
place in an eternal paradise filled with sensual delights.

READ:  Hindu Essay

This eternal paradise
is the objective of those who are faithful to Allah and Islam. Confucianism is
also similar to the others, in its simplicity in teachings and adherence. First
Confucianism deals with the rational cosmic order and the organization of
worldly affairs. Confucian belief is that all humans were endowed with their .

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Buddhism And Confucianism Essay
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Throughout history, great civilizations and people have risen and fallen, and during their fleeting existence, religious activities have assumed important functions in those societies. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Islam, are three legacies left by great men, which still have a profound affect on society. Like with all human inventions, though, these three philosophies are all relative to each other : They are comparable in their simplicity of beliefs, the emphasis they placed on th
2019-02-12 07:17:06
Buddhism And Confucianism Essay
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