In the United States in 1995 alone, 43,063 died from Breast cancer Essay (Bram 192). It is the number two cancer killer and the number one cancer in females ages 15 to 54(Haynes 14). On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops nineteenand a half years (22). This cancer is within the top three cancers of all women above theage of 15, and comprises 6% of all health care costs in the U.
S. totaling an astounding 35billion dollars a year, (25). An average woman is said to have a one in thirty chance ofgetting the cancer, but if that person had family history of the disease (32). Their chanceshave been measured up to a one in six chance, they are predicted to be nearly two millionnew cases reported this year in the U. S.
(38). Breast cancer will strike close to 200,000women each year in the U. S. , many women will go through difficult periods both physicaland mental, but there are various treatments to help fight this disease and save their livesBreast cancer is a group of rapidly reproducing, undifferentiated cells in the areaof the breast in women. While the outlining steps of breast cancer are unknown, the cell inthe breast trigger a reaction of cell reproduction (Cunning 28). These new cancer cellsform tumors.Order now
If cancer cells are active or are considered malign, the tumor grows attremendous speeds, and may end up in metastasis. Metastasis is a complex process inwhich cells break away from their primary tumors, and via the blood supply or through thelymph system relocate into other organs, thus spreading cancer throughout the body if leftuntreated (41). Generally, if a lump is smaller than one centimeter, it is consideredFats have been thought to increase the rate of breast cancer occurrence (Hughes1). Conversely, many studies have drawn out a link between fats and cancers Epidemiology experiments are hard to perform on humans because it is extremely hard tocontrol a human’s whole life diet.
Therefore, it is much easier to compare cultures ofpeoples which tend to determine the food intake of those people. In Iceland, the diet tendsto be derived from healthy foods of the ocean, including lowfat fish and Vegetables (1). But when researchers increased the amount of fat in their diets, their rate of breast cancershot up, demonstrating its potential in the Iceland people (2). A number of doctors simply take the common sense approach to preventingagainst breast cancer exercising and getting your proper nutrients is the best precaution.
The New York Times reported in May of 1997 a study that was done on 25,000 women inNorway. Compared with sedentary women, those who exercised at least four hours aweek had a 37% lower risk of developing breast cancer. One leading hypothesis on howexercise fights cancer is brought by Dr. Leslie Bernstein, a professor of preventativemedicine at the University of Southern California. Dr.
Bernstein says that exercisingreduces a woman’s exposure to estrogen, reducing that possible oncogen. Also, vitaminsand minerals including A, C, and E help to fight cancer says F. de Ward, a cancerSeveral medical procedures or side effects of them have been thought to promotebreast cancer. It was hypothesized by staff at the NEJM that self done abortions couldgreatly increase the chances of getting cancer as during pregnancy the cells in the breastquickly divide and reproduce (45). By having an abortion and thus suddenly halting celldivision, a number of cells would become greatly unprotected by their not being anydifferentiation, and thus would be vulnerable to cancer.
Prevention is one point of the puzzle to cure breast cancer, but it is extremelyimportant to get breast examinations often to make sure of no lumps or early tumors. Thesimplest forms of breast exam is a self exam, one with a doctor, or a mammography. Amammogram is simply an X-ray of the breast (Bram 89). Mammography can pick up smalllegions of under one half a centimeter, whereas one can not feel a lump until it is a fullcentimeter in diameter.