In the United States in 1995 alone, 43,063 died from Breast cancer Essay (Bram 192).
It is the number two cancer killer and the number one cancer in females ages 15 to 54
(Haynes 14). On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops nineteen
and a half years (22). This cancer is within the top three cancers of all women above the
age of 15, and comprises 6% of all health care costs in the U.S.
totaling an astounding 35
billion dollars a year, (25). An average woman is said to have a one in thirty chance of
getting the cancer, but if that person had family history of the disease (32). Their chances
have been measured up to a one in six chance, they are predicted to be nearly two million
new cases reported this year in the U.S.(38). Breast cancer will strike close to 200,000
women each year in the U.
S., many women will go through difficult periods both physical
and mental, but there are various treatments to help fight this disease and save their lives
Breast cancer is a group of rapidly reproducing, undifferentiated cells in the area
of the breast in women. While the outlining steps of breast cancer are unknown, the cell in
the breast trigger a reaction of cell reproduction (Cunning 28). These new cancer cells
form tumors. If cancer cells are active or are considered malign, the tumor grows at
tremendous speeds, and may end up in metastasis. Metastasis is a complex process in
which cells break away from their primary tumors, and via the blood supply or through the
lymph system relocate into other organs, thus spreading cancer throughout the body if left
Generally, if a lump is smaller than one centimeter, it is considered
Fats have been thought to increase the rate of breast cancer occurrence (Hughes
1). Conversely, many studies have drawn out a link between fats and cancers Epidemiology experiments are hard to perform on humans because it is extremely hard to
control a human’s whole life diet. Therefore, it is much easier to compare cultures of
peoples which tend to determine the food intake of those people. In Iceland, the diet tends
to be derived from healthy foods of the ocean, including lowfat fish and Vegetables (1).
But when researchers increased the amount of fat in their diets, their rate of breast cancer
shot up, demonstrating its potential in the Iceland people (2).
A number of doctors simply take the common sense approach to preventing
against breast cancer exercising and getting your proper nutrients is the best precaution.
The New York Times reported in May of 1997 a study that was done on 25,000 women in
Norway. Compared with sedentary women, those who exercised at least four hours a
week had a 37% lower risk of developing breast cancer. One leading hypothesis on how
exercise fights cancer is brought by Dr. Leslie Bernstein, a professor of preventative
medicine at the University of Southern California. Dr. Bernstein says that exercising
reduces a woman’s exposure to estrogen, reducing that possible oncogen.
and minerals including A, C, and E help to fight cancer says F. de Ward, a cancer
Several medical procedures or side effects of them have been thought to promote
breast cancer. It was hypothesized by staff at the NEJM that self done abortions could
greatly increase the chances of getting cancer as during pregnancy the cells in the breast
quickly divide and reproduce (45). By having an abortion and thus suddenly halting cell
division, a number of cells would become greatly unprotected by their not being any
differentiation, and thus would be vulnerable to cancer.
Prevention is one point of the puzzle to cure breast cancer, but it is extremely
important to get breast examinations often to make sure of no lumps or early tumors. The
simplest forms of breast exam is a self exam, one with a doctor, or a mammography.
mammogram is simply an X-ray of the breast (Bram 89). Mammography can pick up small
legions of under one half a centimeter, whereas one can not feel a lump until it is a full
centimeter in diameter. But, .