Bipolar Disorder Essay is a disease that effects one inevery five Americans. It is second only to heartdisease for loss of workdays in the U.
S. Due topopular belief the cause of Bipolar disorder is achemical imbalance in the brain. This imbalance isdue to one neurotransmitter called norepinephrineit is thought to be the cause of depressivesymptoms. Norepinephrine is a hormoneproduced by the adrenal medulla, similar inchemical and pharmacological properties toepinephrine (also a hormone secreted by theadrenal medulla in response to stimulation to thesympathetic nervous system).
Norepinephrine andepinephrine are the two active hormones thatcause some of the physiological expressions offear and anxiety. It appears that in states of Mania,one’s Norepinphrine levels are extremely high andin a depressive state the level is very low. However despite intense research andinvestigation the cause of bipolar disorder is stillunknown. Other suggestions of basis of thisdisease consist of viral infections and tragic orstressful events in one’s life. Symptoms ofDepression can be anything from loss of appetiteto excessive crying.
But typical symptoms are:-Depressive “blue” mood This can include a sadfeeling and an irritable attitude -Feelings ofworthlessness/guilt This symptom includesself-hatred for problems occurring in the everydayworld. Also unrealistic self-blame, negativeself-evaluations and very low self-esteem areusually present. -Excessive fatigue and/ orinsomnia Difficulties falling asleep, waking uprestless or waking up earlier than usual. Hypersomnia is feeling sleepy and napping all thetime.
Commonly Manic-depressives can functionvery well on little or no sleep. -Frequent thoughtsof death or suicide Thoughts of one’s own deathor death in general is very common in depression. -Loss of appetite Or a gain in appetite or weight(or loss) is common. Also the types of foods beingconsumed is no longer important, taste doesn’tmatter.
-Loss of interest in once pleasurableactivities This could take the form of not caringanymore. And very commonly a loss of interestsall hobbies. One might also try to pick up lots ofhobbies to occupy themselves with things otherthen their own self-hatred. -Indecisiveness orDiminished ability to concentrate Having memorydifficulties, being easily distracted and not beingable to make everyday decisions (like what kindof socks to put on) are common symptoms-Mood swings (can last for several weeks in onestate) Mood swings are generally referred to asepisodes. The length of episodes varies perperson. However the length of an individualepisode could last for several weeks.
Rapidcycling refers to several episodes (four or more)episodes that occur in one year. These Rapidepisodes usually only last for a few days andsometimes only a few hours. Such creativegeniuses as Ernest Hemmingway, Sylvia Plath,Anne Sexton, Vincent Van Gogh and WilliamFaulkner are all documented depressives. Andsome believe that there is a chemical link betweencreativity and/or genius and depression. Characteristics of Manic-depressive illness andcreative accomplishment are very closely similar. The ability to function well on a few hours ofsleep, the focus needed to work intensely, boldand restless attitudes, and an ability to experiencea wide variety of emotions with great depth are allpart of creative genius and depression alike.
Thereis a range of successful treatments for manicdepression. In the past Electric-shock therapy wasused. Now the most common treatment is ananti-depressant called Prozac that boosts the levelof a neurotransmitter called serotonin and mentaltherapy. Depression is a disease like any other andis not to be something to be ashamed of. It iscurable and is nothing someone should have to gothrough alone. 82% of all depressed patients gountreated.
Manic-depression is also the numberone leading cause of suicide in the U. S. today. .