The problem of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. It has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; despite the number of people suffering from it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of which we know is that bipolar disorder severely screws up the person who has the ability to obtain and maintain friends and job success.
Because bipolar disorder has such bad symptoms, it is important that we keep looking for explanations of its causes and treatment.
Affective disorders are characterized by a hell of alot of symptoms that can be broken into manic and depressive moods. The depressive episodes are characterized by bad feelings of sadness and despair that can become feelings of hopelessness and helplessness. Some of the symptoms of a depressive episode include anhedonia, disturbances in sleep and appetite, psycomoter retardation, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, difficulty thinking, indecision, and recurrent thoughts of death and suicide. The manic moods are made up by elevated or irritable mood, increased energy, decreased need for sleep, poor judgment and insight, and often reckless or irresponsible behavior. Bipolar affective disorder affects one percent of the population (approximately three million people) in the United States.
It is presented by both males and females. Bipolar disorder involves moods of mania and depression. These episodes may move around with real bad depressions characterized by a bad sadness, almost inability to move, hopelessness, and disturbances in appetite, sleep, deadly driving.
Bipolar disorder is diagnosed if an episode of mania occurs whether depression has been diagnosed or not. Most often, people with manic moods experience a period of depression. Symptoms include elated, expansive, or irritable mood, hyperactivity, pressure of speech, flight of ideas, inflated self esteem, decreased need for sleep, distractibility, and excessive involvement in reckless activities, Jr.
Bad rare symptoms were periods of loss of all interest and retardation or agitation.
As the National Depressive and Manic Depressive Association (MDMDA) has showed, bipolar disorder can create substantial developmental delays, marital and family disruptions, occupational setbacks, and financial disasters. This devastating disease causes disruptions of families, loss of jobs and millions of dollars in cost to society. Many times bipolar patients report that the depressions are longer and increase in frequency as the individual ages. Many times bipolar states and psychotic states are misdiagnosed as schizophrenia. Speech patterns help distinguish between the two disorders.
The often of Bipolar disorder usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 30 years of age, with a second peak in the mid-forties for women. A typical bipolar patient may experience eight to ten episodes in their lifetime. However, those who have fast cycling may experience more episodes of mania and depression that succeed each other without a period of remission.
The three stages of mania begin with hypomania, in which patients report that they are energetic, extroverted and assertive . The hypomania state has led observers to feel that bipolar patients are “addicted” to their mania. Hypomania progresses into mania and the transition is marked by loss of judgment.
Often, euphoric characteristics are displayed, and paranoid or irritable characteristics begin to deepen. The third stage of mania is evident when the patient experiences delusions with often paranoid themes. Speech is generally rapid and hyperactive behavior manifests sometimes associated with violence.
When both manic and depressive symptoms occur at the same time it is called a mixed episode. Those afflicted are a special risk because there is a combination of hopelessness, agitation, and anxiety that makes them feel like they “could jump out of their skin. Up to 50% of all people with mania have a mixture of depressed moods.
Patients report feeling depressed, and unhappy. They exhibit the energy associated with mania. Rapid cycling mania is another presentation of bipolar disorder. Mania may be present with four or more distinct episodes within a 12 month period. There is now evidence to suggest that sometimes rapid cycling may be a thing of the .