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Autism Essay

Diagnostic Summary Paper Autism Essay Autism is a disorder that impairs the development
of a person’s capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular
;normal; bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo
Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common
developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or
five times more common in males than in females. It most cited statistic is that autism
occurs in 4.

5 out of 10,000 live births. The estimate of children having autistic qualities is
reported to be 15 to 20 out of 10,000. The gender statement noted before is not
uncommon, since many developmental disabilities have a greater male to female ratio.
Autistic characteristics are different from birth. Two more common characteristics that
may be exhibited are the arching of the back while being held, to avoid contact, and also
failing to anticipate being picked up (limpness in the body). Infants with autism are
described as being either very passive, or very agitated.

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Sometimes during infancy there
will be cases of head rocking, and or banging, against the crib, but this is not always the
case. Approximately one-third of children develop normally until the ages of 1 1/2 to 3,
and then the symptoms emerge, referred to as ;regressive autism.; During childhood,
there is a commonality of the affected child insisting routine. The reasoning is that the
child is not able to cope with ;novel; situations. Wearing the same clothes, or eating the
same foods during meals, are examples. Tantrums can occur when these perseverative
behaviors occur.

Twenty years ago, most autistic individuals were institutionalized. Now
only the most severe cases live in institutions. During adulthood, autistic individuals are
known to live with their parents, in residential institutions, and some do live
independently. Because there are so many forms of this disorder, it has been said that
there is no true adjective to describe every type of person with autistic symptoms, or
autism. My research shows that there are no physiological tests that can be performed
to determine whether a person has autism. The diagnosis is given when a person exhibits
the characteristics of the disorder.

Note: In the last five years, researchers have agreed
that those who display autistic characteristics are commonly suffering from other related
but distinct disorders, such as Asperger Syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Landau
Kleffner syndrome, Rett syndrome, and Williams syndrome. Physiological researchers
have discovered abnormalities within the brain, but the reason for the abnormalities is
not known, and it is not known where the relation to autism lies. These abnormalities
range from underdeveloped areas in the limbic system, to Vernal lobules VI and VII,
being smaller than average. Biochemical research has found elevated beta-endorphins,
relating to pain tolerance in autistic action. In the cognitive realm, there is much talk of
the ;theory of mind;, or the inability to realize that other people have their own unique
view of the world. Some Cognitive theorists think that the autistic person isn’t able to
understand that other people have different thoughts, plans, and perspectives than their
own.

Cognitive theorists also examine the 10% statistic of savant skills, an ability that is
considered remarkable by most standards. These savant skills are usually spatial in
nature. Interventions and therapies are difficult. Family theorists try to work with the
family of the patient, to try to develop appropriate behaviors. There is no reported drug
that can be considered primary for the patient, although Ritalin is dispensed in many
cases. Behaviorists look at the changing of behavior through positive reinforcement,
behavior recess, and in turn examine the self-stimulatory and self-injurious behaviors.

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Physiological work such as visual training, and auditory integration training, is used to
reduce sensitivities to sounds above normal range, or to sounds the patient can consider
painful. When it comes to autism, the most important thing to remember is that parents
and doctors in the medical field are now realizing that there can be treatments, and
interventions, that can be effective. In addition, note that Federal Law now requires the
states to provide early intervention services for autistic children between the ages of one
to three. The services exist to provide tools to develop the children academically, and
socially. .

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Autism Essay
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Diagnostic Summary Paper Autism Essay Autism is a disorder that impairs the development of a person's capacity to interact with, communicate with, and also maintain regular ;normal; bonds with the outside world. This disorder was described in 1943 by Leo Kanner, an American psychologist. Autism is considered one of the more common developmental disabilities, and appears before the age of three. It is known to be four or five times more common in males than in females. It most cited s
2019-02-12 07:52:45
Autism Essay
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