On the quiet morning of August 6, 1945, the United States shocked the world by dropping an atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima, Japan. (www.grolier.com) Hiroshima was a major industrial city with an estimated population of almost 400,000 people. A B-29 bomber was loaded with the Atomic Bomb and left the United States Pacific air base at 2:45 a.m. local time and dropped the bomb at 8:15 a.m.
The bomb was detonated one minute after being dropped. The atomic bomb, nicknamed “Little Boy”, which was dropped on the Hiroshima City, exploded at an altitude of 580 meters above a hospital close to the present A-bomb Dome. (Brown, p.38) The mushroom cloud resulting from the explosion reached an estimated altitude of five hundred and twenty meters over Central Hiroshima. The atomic bomb blast obliterated three-fifths of the city within seconds. The atomic bomb gave off uranium-235 and was equivalent in power to approximately 15 kilotons of TNT gunpowder. (www.enviroweb.org) The fireball resulting from the explosion emitted an intense thermal heat, which caused severe burns and loss of eyesight. Most of the people exposed to thermal rays died. In addition, the impact of the bomb landing on the ground created an enormous shock wave closely followed a quick expansion of air. The result was the immediate death of 75,000 people. (www.grolier.com)
The long-term effects of the bomb on the environment and children are horrible.Atomic blasts cause many prolonged injuries such as, keloids, cataracts, leukemia and other cancers. (earthbase.org) The total death count for the atomic bombing is estimated at 140,000. This means that almost as many people died from the long-term effects as were killed in the initial explosion.
People who think that dropping the bomb was right say that the bomb was the one event that ended the war. Americans believed that the Japanese would fight until the very last man even if there were a dropping of the atomic bomb. Luckily for them the war ended.
The reason the United states dropped the atomic bomb was because they wanted the unconditional surrender of Japan. Personally I think they could get Japan to surrender using a different type of method. I think they would have surrendered on their own because the axes powers where starting to diminish. Germany surrendered before they dropped the bomb and the rest of their group was folding along with them.
Many innocent people died because of tension between two governments. The biggest reason for me believing that the atomic-bombing of Hiroshima was wrong was that it was targeted at innocent civilians, not military targets or soldiers. Of course in every war in history civilians have been victimized, including Asians murdered by Japanese soldiers during the same war. In the rules of war Ive learned that Civilian causalities are normally considered to be outside the lines of warfare. The people did not even have a say on what their government did but they still paid the price. What the U.S. did was wrong; they should have taken their anger out in different ways.
On December 7th, 1945, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor while the shipmen were going through their normal Sunday routines. (www.grolier.com) This was a disaster for the U.S. and President Roosevelt said it best when he stated that December 7th would be a date that would live in infamy. The United States would soon retaliate by dropping an atomic bomb over Hiroshima on the morning of August 6th, 1945. People say Pearl Harbor was the reason why the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb over Hiroshima and that dropping the bomb was the right move. The United States said that by dropping the bomb they would save lives by not having to put their men into combat. How could they save lives if many war experts and officials believe that the war was already over?
“It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender because of the effective sea blockade and the successful bombing with conventional weapons.
William Leahy, I Was There, pg. 441
William Leahy agreed that the bomb was wrong. He stated