Andy showed an early talent in drawing and painting. After high school he studied commercial art at the Carnegie Institute biotechnology in Pittsburgh. Warhol graduated in 1949 and went to New York where he worked as an illustrator for magazines like Vogue and Harpy’s Bazaar and for commercial advertising. He soon became one of New Work’s most sought of and successful commercial illustrators. The Pop Icon In 1952 Andy Warhol had his first one-man show exhibition at the Hugo Gallery in New York.
In 1956 he had an important group exhibition at the renowned Museum of Modern Art, In the sixties Warhol started painting daily objects of mass production like Campbell Soup cans and Coke bottles. Soon he became famous figure in the New York art scene, Prom 1962 on he started making silkscreen prints of famous personalities like Marilyn Monroe or Elizabeth Taylor. The strength of Andy Warhol art was to remove the difference between fine arts and the commercial arts used for magazine illustrations, comic books, record albums or advertising campaigns.Order now
Warhol once expressed his philosophy in one poignant sentence: “When you think about it, department stores are kind of like museums”. The Factory The pop artist not only depicted mass products but he also wanted to mass produce his own works Of pop art. Consequently he founded The Factory in 1962. It was an art studio where he employed in a rather chaotic way “art workers” to mass produce mainly prints and posters but also Other items like shoes designed by the artist. The first location of the Factory was in 231 E. 47th Street, 5th Floor (between 1st & 2nd Eve).
Whorl’s favorite printmaking technique was silkscreen. It came closest to his idea of proliferation of art. Apart from being an Art Producing Machine, the Factory served as a filmmaker studio. Warhol made over 300 experimental underground films – most rather bizarre and some rather pornographic. His first one was called Sleep and showed nothing else but a man sleeping over six hours, Nearly Murdered In July to 1968 the pop artist was shot two to three times into his chest by a woman named Valerie Solaris. Andy was seriously wounded and only narrowly escaped death.
Valerie Solaris had worked occasionally tort the artist in the Factory, Solaris had founded a group named SCUM (Society for Cutting up Men) and she was its sole member. When Valerie Solaris was arrested the day after, her words were “He had too much control over my life”, Warhol never recovered completely from his wounds and had to wear a bandage around his waist for the est. of his life. Andy Warhol Art in the Seventies After this assassination attempt the pop artist made a radical turn in his process of producing art.
The philosopher Of art mass production now spent most Of his time making individual portraits of the rich and affluent of his time like Mice Jaeger, Michael Jackson or Brigit Aboard. Whorl’s activities became more and more entrepreneurial. He started the magazine Interview and even a night-club. In 1974 the Factory was moved to 860 Broadway. In 1975 Warhol published THE philosophy of Andy Warhol. In this book he describes what art is: “Making money s art, and working is art and good business is the best art. ” A Bizarre Personality Warhol was a homosexual with a slightly bizarre personality.
In the fifties he dyed his hair straw-blond. Later he replaced his real hair by blond and silver-grey wigs. The pop artist loved cats, and images of them can be found on quite a few of his art works. One of Anta’s friends described him as a true workaholic. Warhol was obsessed by the ambition to become famous and wealthy, And he knew he could achieve the American dream only by hard work. In his last years Warhol promoted other artists like Keith Haring or Robert Manipulators. Andy Warhol died February 22, 1987 from complications after a gall bladder operation.
More than 2000 people attended the memorial mass at SST. Patriot’s Cathedral. The pop art icon Warhol was also a religious man -a little known fact. Outwears later, in May 1994 the Andy Warhol Museum opened in his home town Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. Warhol, Andy Related: United States Art Biographies 1928-87, American artist and filmmaker, b. Pittsburgh as Andrew Warhol. The leading exponent Of the pop art movement, Warhol chose his imagery from the world of commonplace objects such as dollar bills, soup cans, soft-drink bottles, ND soap-pad boxes.
He is variously credited With attempting to ridicule and to celebrate American middle-class values by erasing the distinction be,even popular and high culture. Monotony and repetition became the hallmark Of his multi-image. Mass-produced silk-screen paintings: for many of these, such as the portraits Of Marilyn Monroe and Jacqueline Kennedy, he employed newspaper photographs. He and his assistants worked out of a large New York studio dubbed the “Factory. ” In the mid. Sass Warhol began making films, suppressing the personal element in marathon essays on boredom. In The Chelsea Girls 1966), a seven-hour voyeuristic look into hotel rooms, he used projection techniques that constituted a startling divergence from established methods. Among his later films are Trash (1971) and L ‘Amour (1973). With Paul Morrissey, in 1974 Warhol also made the films Frankincense and Drachma. In 1973, Warhol launched the magazine Interview, a publication centered upon his fascination with the cult of the celebrity.
He died from complications following surgery, The Andy Warhol Museum, which exhibits many of his works, opened in Pittsburgh in 1994, “led prefer to remain a mystery, never like to give my background and, nap. Ay, I make it all up different every time I’m asked. ” He was one of the most enigmatic figures in American art. His work became the definitive expression of a culture obsessed with images. He was surrounded by a coterie of beautiful bohemians with names like Viva, Candy Darling, and ultra Violet. He held endless drug- and sex-filled parties, through which he never stopped working.
He single- handedly confounded the distinctions between high and low art. His films are pivotal in the formation of contemporary experimental art and pornography. He spent the final years Of his life walking around the posh neighborhoods Of New York with a plastic bag full of hundred dollar bills, buying jewelry and knick knacks. His name was Andy Warhol, and he changed the nature Of art forever. Andy Whorl’s exact birth date is unknown, though one can assume it is between 1927 and 1930. What is known is that he was born to Czechoslovakian immigrant parents in Forest City, Pennsylvania.
He was a shy quiet boy, leaving high school to attend the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. He received his bachelors of fine arts degree from there in 1949, and headed immediately to New York. In New York, Warhol found design jobs in advertising. Before Eng he had begun specializing in illustrations of shoes. His work appeared in GLAMOUR, VOGUE, and HARPERS BAZAAR. In the mid-‘ass he became the chief illustrator for l, Miller Shoes, and in 1957 a shoe advertisement won him the Art Director’s Club Medal.
During this time, Warhol had also been working on a series of pictures separate from the advertisements and illustrations, It was this work that he considered his serious artistic endeavor. Though the paintings retained much of the style of popular advertising, their motivation was just the opposite. The most famous of the paintings of this time are the thirty- vivo paintings of Campbell soup cans, With these paintings, and other work that reproduced Coca-Cola bottles, Superman comics, and other immediately recognizable popular images, Warhol was mirroring society’s obsessions.
Where the main concern of advertising was to slip into the unconscious and unrecognizable evoke a feeling of desire, Whorl’s work was meant to make the viewer actually stop and look at the images that had become invisible in their familiarity. These ideas were similarly being dealt With by artists such as Jasper Johns, Roy Liechtenstein, and Robert Reassurances and came to be known as Pop Art. Throughout the late asses and asses, Warhol produced work at an amazing rate. He embraced a mode of production similar to that taken on by the industries he was mimicking, and referred to his studio as “The Factory. The Factory was not only a production center for Whorl’s paintings, silk-screens, and sculptures, but also a central point for the fast. Paced high life of New York in the ‘ass. Whorl’s obsession with fame, youth, and personality drew the most wild and interesting people to The Factory throughout the years. Among the regulars were Micromanage, Martha Graham, Lou Reed, and Truman Capote. For many, Warhol was a work of art in himself, reflecting back the basic desires of an consumerist American culture.
He saw fame as the pinnacle of modern consumerism and reveled in it the way artists a hundred years before reveled in the western landscape, His oft-repeated statement that “every person will be world-famous for fifteen minutes” was an incredible insight into the growing communication of everyday life, By the mid-‘ass Warhol had become one of the most famous artists in the world. He continued, however, to beef the critics with his aggressively groundbreaking work. Putting aside much of the “pop” imagery, e concentrated on making films.
His films, as his paintings had been, were primarily concerned with getting the viewer to look at something for longer than they otherwise would. Using film, Warhol could control the viewer’s attention. One of his most famous films, SLEEP (1963), Vass eight hours of the poet John Giorgio asleep in his bed. Whorl’s movement into film directing and production brought him into contact With dozens Of artists and actors interested in working in The Factory. One of these was actress and writer Valerie Salinas, who had for some time been trying to get Warhol to produce one Of her scripts.
In 1968, in anger at Whorl’s disinterest, Salinas (the founder and only member of S. C. U. M. , the Society for Cutting up Men), shot and nearly killed Warhol. During Whorl’s extended convalescence he began to work on a new mode of art. Considered his “Post-Pop” period, the images were primarily portraits of living superstars. Throughout the ‘ass and ‘ass, Warhol produced hundreds of portraits, mostly in silk screen. His images of Liz Millennial, Jimmy Carter, Albert Einstein, Elizabeth Taylor, and Philip Johnson express a more subtle and expressionistic side of his work.
During the final years of his life, Warhol became the hero of another enervation of artists, including Keith Haring, Jean-Michel Basque, and Francesco Clement. Their work represents a continuation to an artistic revolution begun by Andy Warhol, On February 22, 1987, Warhol died of heart failure at his home in New York. Many suggested it was a poorly performed minor surgery he had had earlier that day, while others believed it was due to the general weakening of his body after the shooting.
What remains certain is that during the sixty years of whirlwind and mystery that was Andy Whorl’s life, the art world (and the world at large) became a more fun and interesting place. Warhol, Andy (as artist) 1928-1987) Andy Warhol is best remembered as the avatar of Pop Art. A child of the advertising age, he began his career as a commercial illustrator in the late asses. Even his first major appearance as an artist in 1961 was commercial: five paintings as backdrop in a display Window at New Work’s Bobbin Teller department store. Born Andrew Warhol, Jar. N August 6, 1928 into a working- class family in Forest City, Pennsylvania, Warhol attended art school at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. He moved to New York in 1949, where he changed his named to Andy Warhol and made friendships with Jasper Johns and Robert Reassurances. Whorl’s work needs to be seen as part of the contentious pluralism in the arts that characterized the early asses, as artists joined the assault on conventional pieties and prejudices, In 1966 Time magazine warned the public that Pop Art threatened “normal” masculinity because it insisted on reducing art to the ‘trivial,” by which Time meant camp.
As Susan Sonata had reported in her seminal 1964 essay “Notes on ‘Camp,'” camp embraced extravagance, effeminacy, and an obsession with surface appearances. Indeed, the gayness that Warhol projected in both his art and his public persona entrusted sharply with the macho posturing that had dominated the art world in the asses. But such openness carried a price. When Warhol asked why his idols, Jasper Johns and Robert Reassurances, avoided him, a mutual friend, filmmaker Emil De Antonio, answered, “Okay, Andy, if you really want to hear it straight, I’ll lay it out for you.
You’re too swish, and that upsets them” In defiance, Warhol emphasized his effeminacy even more. Like Johns and Reassurances, Warhol was influenced by the ideas of Marcel Decamp, manifested particularly in the recycling of imagery that both celebrates and berets modern mass culture. Whorl’s silk-screened repetitions Fuchs mundane objects as soup cans and Brills boxes, and similarly mass-produced icons such as film stars, made them chic. His appropriations comment, coolly and ironically, on the collapse of the distinction be,even high and popular art, and on modern obsessions With consumer goods and media-manipulated celebrity.
From childhood Warhol embraced the myth of stardom. His attraction to the young and famous motivated some Of his first silkscreen paintings, Which were based on images of Troy Donahue and Elvis Presley and date from 1962. Whorl’s identification with these celebrities is tuft. Fold, both as objects of desire and as role models. But he also screened images of death and disasters taken from the tabloids. When the theme of tragedy coincided with his fascination with stardom, Warhol found the subjects of his best-known groups of celebrity portraits: Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor, and Jacqueline Kennedy.
In his “gold Marilyn” series, initiated shortly after her suicide in August 1962, Warhol contrived the effect to a gilded Byzantine icon, but substituted for the Virgin Mary an image whose face is suffused with eroticism. It stunningly evokes the need to love and to be loved. With his increasing success, Warhol became a celebrity himself, Hailed as “court painter to the ass,” he amassed a fortune, Critics debate whether his later silkscreen portraits celebrate or satirized the worlds of money, glamour, and style that he himself increasingly inhabited.
Whorl’s characteristic attitude remained deadpan; he insisted that his work had no meaning. Despite his persona of decadent artist, Warhol clung to what might seem, in the context of the jet-set glamour of his public image, an archaic piety. He maintained a diet, surreptitious devotion to the Catholic Church. He was never political, and more a voyeuristic dandy than an engaged homosexual. Nevertheless he supported the careers Of gay artists such as Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basque. He died on February 22, 1987, soon after gall bladder surgery.
His will established a foundation to help young artists. Today Warhol has entered the canon of significant American artists, his importance signaled by the fact that Pittsburgh has named a museum in his honor and retrospectives of his career attract large crowds. As Robert Summers points out, however, even supposedly impressive exhibits distort his achievement by white-washing him as “asexual” and divesting his work of its queerer content and connections. Warhol, Andy (as artist) (1928-1987) 1 coos.
Even his first major appearance as an artist in 1961 was commercial: five paintings as backdrop in a display window at New Work’s Bobbin Teller department store. Born Andrew Warhol, Jar, on August 6, 1928 into a working- class family in Forest Cubby, Pennsylvania, Warhol attended art school at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, He moved to New York in 1949, Johns and Robert Reassurances Whorl’s work needs to be seen as part of the intentions pluralism in the arts that characterized the early asses, as artists joined the assault on conventional pieties and prejudices.
In 1966 Time because it insisted on reducing art to the “trivial,” by which Time meant camp. As Susan Sonata had reported in her seminal 1364 essay “Notes on ‘Camp,'” camp embraced extravagance, effeminacy, and an Obsession With surface appearances. Indeed, the gayness that Warhol projected in both his art and his public persona contrasted sharply With the macho posturing that had dominated the art world in the asses. But such openness carried a price.
When Warhol seed Why his idols, Jasper Johns and Robert Reassurances, avoided him, 3 mutual friend, filmmaker Emil De Antonio, answered, “Okay, Andy, bayou really want to hear it straight, I’ll lay it out for you. You’re too swish, and that upsets them. ” In defiance, Warhol emphasized his effeminacy even more. Like Johns and Reassurances, Warhol was influenced by the ideas of Marcel Decamp, subverts modern mass culture. Whorl’s silk-screened repetitions of such and ironically, on the collapse of the distinction between high and popular art, and on modern obsessions with consumer goods and media-manipulated celebrity.
From childhood Warhol embraced the myth of stardom, His attraction to the young and famous motivated some of his first silkscreen paintings, which Whorl’s identification with these celebrities is two-fold, both as objects of desire with stardom, Warhol found the subjects of his best-known groups Of celebrity contrived the effect of a gilded Byzantine icon, but substituted for the Virgin Mary an image Whose face is suffused With eroticism. It stunningly evokes the need to love and to be loved. With his increasing success. Warhol became a celebrity himself. Hailed as “court painter to the ass,” he amassed a fortune.
Critics debate f the jet-set glamour of his public image, an archaic piety, He maintained a and more a voyeuristic dandy than an engaged homosexual, Nevertheless he supported the careers to gay artists such as Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basque, He died on February 22, 1987, soon after gall bladder surgery, His will established a foundation to help pun artists. Today Warhol has entered the screenwriter – A stencil process in which the stencil is placed on a screen. Ink is forced through the screen onto paper, fabric, or metal, forming a distinct layer of pigment on the surface.