Baroque artwork combines dramatic compositions, beautiful details, and emotionally charged subject tater to give viewers as intense a visual experience as possible. Its original meaning – ‘irregular, contorted, grotesque”?is now largely superseded. It is generally agreed that the new style was born in Rome during the final years of the sixteenth century. Baroque Art is less complex, more realistic and more emotionally affecting than Mannerism. The ‘The Union of Earth and Water by Rueben is a good example of Baroque style painting.
Rueben shows off his skill at arranging several figures in a beautiful swirling composition while perfectly depicting each element of the painting?flowers, trusts, cloth, and flesh. The paintings drama, movement, violence, exuberance, exaggeration, large scale, and strong contrast tot light and dark are all characteristics tot Baroque style, which is very different than the Neoclassicism, Neoclassicism: (l ‘SO – 1830) Neoclassicism is a nineteenth century French art style and movement that originated as a reaction to the Baroque.
This period gave rebirth to the art of ancient Rome and Greece and the Renaissance as an opposition to the ostentatious Baroque and Rococo art that preceded the movement. Neoclassicism emphasized rationality and the resurgence of tradition. Neoclassic artists used classical forms to express their ideas about courage, sacrifice, and love of country, and they incorporated classical styles and subjects, including columns, pediments, friezes, and Other ornamental schemes in their work.
Neoclassical painters took extra care to depict the costumes, settings, and details Of classical subject matter With as much accuracy as possible. Much Of the subject matter was derived from classical history and mythology. The movement emphasized line quality over color, light, and atmosphere. David and Canoga are examples of neo-classicists. The ‘Oath of the Hieratic” is a large painting by the French artist Jacques. Louis David. It depicts a scene from a Roman legend about a dispute between two warring cities.
Realism: (1850 – 1880) Realism was a mid-nineteenth century art movement and style in which artists discarded the formulas of Neoclassicism and the theatrical drama of Romanticism to paint tamari scenes and events as they actually looked. Typically it involved some sort of sociopolitical or moral message in the depiction Of ugly or commonplace subjects. It was an opposition to the traditional approach to Neoclassicism and the drama of Romanticism. It is defined by the accurate, unembellished, and detailed depiction of nature or contemporary life.
The movement prefers an observation of physical appearance rather than imagination or idealization. In this sense, Realism can be found in movements of many other centuries. Realists striver to paint scenes as they actually appeared. Often the artists depicted ugly and common subjects that normally alluded to a social, political, or moral message. Gore example, in “Bonjour, Monsieur Court”, Gustavo Court has painted himself on the right side. This self-portrait offers a number Of significant clues as to how the artist thought Of himself or perhaps how he wished to be seen.
Impressionism: (1 865 – 1885) The history Of modern art begins With Impressionism, a movement founded in Paris as an opposition to the rigid traditions favored by institutions such as the Academic des Beaux-Arts. The Impressionist style of painting emphasized loose imagery rather than finely delineated pictures. The artists of the movement worked mostly outdoors and striver to capture the variations of light at differing mimes throughout the day. Their color palettes were colorful and they rarely used blacks or grays.
Subject matter was most often landscape or scenes from daily life. Impressionists were interested in the use of color, tone, and texture in order to objectively record nature. They emphasized sunlight, shadows, and direct and reflected light. Some of the greatest impressionist artists were Detoured Meant, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet, Berth Morison and Pierre Augusta Renoir. Impressionism is very different than the Realism in the portrait painting.
For realism, it is very important to understand what type of portrait you want, It will look like a photo, which shows all details, and be a very realistic oil portrait. However, the Impressionism gives you an impression of the photo. It is harder to capture the detail Post-Impressionism: (1885 – 1905) Post-Impressionism is a movement in France that represented both an extension of Impressionism and a rejection Of that style’s inherent limitations. The Post Impressionist period came when several former Impressionist painters became dissatisfied With the movements insistence on light and color.
The post- Impressionists aspired to fine more depth in the roles of color, form and solidity in painting. Impressionism was based, in its strictest sense, on the Objective recording of nature in terms of the fugitive effects of color and light. The Post- Impressionists rejected this limited rain in favor of more ambitious expression, admitting their debt to the pure, brilliant colors of Impressionism, its freedom from traditional subject matter, and its technique of defining form with short brushstrokes of broken color.
Post Impressionism was a continuation of the Impressionist movement, but rejected the limitations of its predecessor. Cubism: – 1920) Cubism is one of the most influential art movements of the twentieth century. Led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Baroque, the Cubists broke from centuries of tradition in their painting by rejecting the single viewpoint. Instead they used an analytical system in which three-dimensional subjects were fragmented and redefined from several different points of view simultaneously.
The movement is considered to have its roots in the work of post-Impressionist, Paul Cezanne, It also took from African tribal art, reducing everything to cubes and other geometrical forms Cubist artists depicted drastically fragmented objects, sometimes showing multiple sides simultaneously. Cubism was the forerunner of abstract art, Cubism paved the way for geometric abstract art by putting an entirely new emphasis on the unity between the depicted scene in a picture, and the surface of the canvas.
Geometric abstraction: Geometric abstraction is a form of abstract art based on the use of geometric forms sometimes, though not always, placed in Nan-illusionist’s space ND combined into non-objective (non-representational) compositions. Throughout 20th century art historical discourse, critics and artists working within the reductive or pure strains of abstraction have often suggested that geometric abstraction represents the height Of a non-objective art practice, which necessarily stresses or calls attention to the root plasticity and two- dimensionality of painting as an artistic medium.
Based on strict design principles with no attempt to create an illusion of three-confessional space, geometric abstraction was considered by many modern artists to be the ultimate art movement. Geometric forms are specific shapes formed by straight lines or curved lines that continue along a continuous path. In some ways, geometric abstraction was influenced by the Cubist art movement. If Cubism opened the road to simples. “inning tort through geometry, Geometric Abstraction was able to pass the threshold of what is real to achieve the purest form.
Surrealism: (1924 – 1 955) Surrealism was a literary and art movement inspired by Freudianism, Andre Breton founded Surrealism in Paris in 1924. Similar to the 19th century Symbolist movement, Surrealism was based on the psychoanalytic theories f Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, emphasizing imagination and subconscious imagery. Work usually contained realist imagery arranged in a nonsensical style in order to create a dreamlike state.
Surrealism inherited its anti-rationalist sensibility from Dada, but was lighter in spirit than that movement. Surrealist painting incorporated a lot of content and technique. Surrealism incorporated and celebrated the art Of children and primitive earl They appreciated the innocent eye in that the untrained artist was more liberated to depict their actual imaginative ideas. For example, the paintings Of Attests Said explore he dark side of modern life. Surrealism has more of a realistic approach than Cubism.