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    AP Euro Chapter 12

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    Debate about Women
    A debate about women’s character and nature that would last for centuries
    Communes
    Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merchant guilds that sought political and economic independence from nobles
    Humanism
    A program of study designed by Italians that emphasized the critical study of Latin and Greek literature with the goal of understanding human nature
    Popolo
    Disenfranchised common people in Italian cities who resented their exclusion from power
    Renaissance
    A French world meaning “rebirth”, used to describe the rebirth of the culture of classical antiquity in Italy during the 14th-16th centuries
    Christian Humanists
    Northern Humanists who interpreted Italian ideas about and attitudes towards classical antiquity and humanism in terms of their own religious traditions
    New Christians
    A term for Jews and Muslims in the Iberian peninsula who accepted Christianity
    Courts
    Magnificent households and palaces where signore and other rulers lived, conducted business, and supported the arts
    Patronage
    Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, and individuals, often to produce specific works or works in specific styles
    Signori
    Government by one-man rule in Italian cities such as Milan; also refers to these rulers
    Virtu
    The quality of being able to shape the world according to one’s own will
    Thomas More: Utopia
    Society’s problems can be solved by a beneficent government
    Renaissance Humanists
    Women’s sphere of activity was private and domestic
    Race
    Renaissance grouped people based on ethnic, national, or religious factors
    Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile
    Dynastic Union but didn’t unify all the kingdoms in Spain
    Women as painters
    Limited success on frescoes because their technique was done in public
    Sumptuary laws
    Reinforced social hierarchies, impose moral standards, protect local industries
    Machiavelli
    Believed that government should be judged on providing order, security, and safety of the populace
    Cosimo de Medici
    Patron of Renaissance arts in Florence
    Land, well rounded socially, contributed to the arts, educated
    Nobility status in Renaissance
    Even the greatest rulers could not escape fate, even though he should try
    “Fate” in The Prince
    The importance of a good education
    Italian humanists stressed what?
    Glorification of individual genius
    Central component of the Italian Renaissance?
    Humanity possessed both material and spiritual natures
    Pico Della Mirandola’s view on the uniqueness of humankind?
    Court of Star Chamber
    The way Henry VII’s council dealt with real or potential aristocratic threats through judicial offshoot
    Fiery sermons, and extreme views of Christianity
    Savonarola is characterized by what?
    Believed that writers of his day should follow ancient models and ignore the 1000 year period between his own time and that of Rome
    Francesco Petrarch’s beliefs?
    Manifested corporate power
    Early Renaissance art in Italy…
    Made a printing press that caused a printing revolution
    Johann Gutenberg
    By promising to decrease the power of the nobility
    How did Henry VII gain support?
    Paint the Sistine Chapel Ceiling
    Michelangelo was commissioned to do what for pope Julius II?
    Academies and schools weren’t open for Women
    Why did women receive less compensation on the Renaissance?
    There was a great commercial revival in Italy
    During the Renaissance…
    Attempted to rid Spain of Heresy and Muslims
    Spanish Inquisition
    Sought to train, discipline, and fashion the young man into the courtly ideal, the gentlemen
    Purpose of The Courtier?
    Spanish Conversos
    New Christians
    Concordat of Bologna
    Approved the Pope’s right to revive the first year’s income of newly named bishops and abbots in France
    Renaissance
    Term Gorgio Vasari coined
    Highly sought after and used to indicate wealth
    Status of Slaves Iberian Peninsula

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    AP Euro Chapter 12. (2017, Aug 28). Retrieved from https://artscolumbia.org/ap-euro-chapter-12-2-15732/

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