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Analyse voting behaviour in the period 1945-2001 Essay

Voting behaviour can be interpreted in various different ways, but when
adopted with the term at face value, on a sociological level; there are
many different reasons as to why the way people vote and what causes them
to vote the way they do.The period from 1945-70 was the classic era of two-
party dominance. Since the early seventies Conservative and Labour power
has remained virtually unaltered in Parliament, but their grip has loosened
in local government, and the popular
foundations of the two party system have been eroded among voters.
The following provides a fresh and accessible perspective on theories of
electoral change, placing developments in Britain within their broader
comparative context, and challenging many assumptions about trends in
voting behavior.

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The primacy approach is long life characteristics which focus on the
relatively stability of voting behavior.

Political socialisation is the
process by which people acquire their political attitudes, values and ways
of behaving. The primacy approach assumes that the majority of people
retain their party preference and voting habits are formed when they first
become politically aware. There is some evidence for this as the
Conservatives won a spectacular consecutive period of being in office from
the years 1978 to 1997 with a success of 49% of the votes. However
although this forms the basis of voting there are other factors and
possibilities in order to be taken into account such as occupation,
immigration, health system etc, these help to influence the voters choice
of party. However there are long terms factors which help to influence us
i.e.

social class.

The electoral choices of voters were at first influenced mainly by social-
group identity, which in turn helped to forge partisan identification;
however during the 1960’s and 1970’s the relationship between class and
party weakened. The process of class dealignment meant that there was a
reduction in Labour support fro the working classes. Most people used to
vote for their “natural class” party but it changed due to different
parties introducing different policies to suit the need of their intended
audience. Both Conservative and Labour have suffered from party
dealignment. In 1964, 48% voted conservatives and 51% Labour voters
identified “very strongly” with their party.

In 1992 traditionally
conservatives had seen themselves as the ‘party of home-ownership”, but the
hardship many people had experienced during the major years as a result of
high interest, had led to much support being switched to Labour. This shows
dealignment. Labour party seemed to attract the council tenants a new
audience of voters. By appealing to Middle England, the Labour party may
have made it easier for voters who did not belong to the working class to
vote for them. . Labour is shown to be much stronger than Conservative in
the last 20 years as Labour won back 7.

9% of the working class vote. Some
politicians are claiming that Britain is becoming a classless society
whereby e are merging and coming together as one. This is clearly the
embourgeoisement thesis; capitalism has changed dramatically during the
twentieth century. Many of those officially classified as middle class are
low paid jobs, indistinguishable from unskilled manual work, today’s blue
collar and routine clerical workers leaves them little different from
manual workers.

The universal Franchise was at first limited to those over twenty-one, in
the belief that the young are more likely to question established values
and favor radical policies. Young people tend to abstain from voting as
they are either a political or have cannot see what difference the outcome
will make in their everyday lives.

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However, there has been a greater rise
in the Labour vote in 1997 amongst the young. This was probably due to the
Labour party appealing to the working class and Tony Blair’s sense of youth
and optimism. In 1992 more young people voted conservative than Labour,
suggesting the effect of a generation socialized by unbroken conservative
rule. The increasing potential of older people’s votes was shown in 1997 as
age concern produced glossy brochures to mobilize the elderly, emphasising
that 24% of the electorate had considerable voter power. It has been argued
that property and wealth as we grow older lead to a more conservative
outlook. 65+ give more support towards conservative.

Half of fewer than 45
voters were Labour.

Generally black people have been less inclined to register to vote than
whites. However, those of an Asian descent are more likely to vote than
their white neighbours, while afro-Caribbean are less so. In both cases the
strong preference has been for Labour. Many young afro-carribeans generally
do not vote .

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Analyse voting behaviour in the period 1945-2001 Essay
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Artscolumbia
Voting behaviour can be interpreted in various different ways, but when adopted with the term at face value, on a sociological level; there are many different reasons as to why the way people vote and what causes them to vote the way they do.The period from 1945-70 was the classic era of two- party dominance. Since the early seventies Conservative and Labour power has remained virtually unaltered in Parliament, but their grip has loosened in local government, and the popular founda
2019-02-12 08:13:44
Analyse voting behaviour in the period 1945-2001 Essay
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