Alcohol Abuse EssayAlcohol is liquid distilled product of fermented fruits, grains andvegetables used as solvent, antiseptic and sedative moderate potential forabuse. Possible effects are intoxication, sensory alteration, and/oranxiety reduction. Symptoms of overdose staggering, odour of alcohol onbreath, loss of coordination, slurred speech, dilated pupils, fetal alcoholsyndrome (in babies), and/or nerve and liver damage. Withdrawal Syndrome isfirst sweating, tremors, then altered perception, followed by psychosis,fear, and finally auditory hallucinations.
Indications of possible mis-use are confusion, disorientation, loss ofmotor nerve control, convulsions, shock, shallow respiration, involuntarydefecation, drowsiness, respiratory depression and possible death. Alcoholis also known as:Booze, Juice, Brew, Vino, Sauce. You probably know why alcohol is abusedsome reasons are relaxation, sociability, and cheap high. But did you knowthat alcohol is a depressant that decreases the responses of the centralnervous system. Excessive drinking can cause liver damage and psychoticbehaviour.
As little as two beers or drinks can impair coordination andthinking. Alcohol is often used by substance abusers to enhance the effectsof other drugs. Alcohol continues to be the most frequently abusedsubstance among young adults. HEREARE SOME STRAIGHT FACTS ABOUT ALCOHOL. .Order now
. . ? Alcohol abuse is a pattern ofproblem drinking that results in health consequences, social, problems, orboth. However, alcohol dependence, or alcoholism, refers to a disease that ischaracterized by abnormal alcohol-seeking behaviour that leads to impairedcontrol over drinking. Short-term effects of alcohol use include:-Distorted vision, hearing, and coordination -Altered perceptions andemotions -Impaired judgment -Bad breath; hangovers Long-term effects ofheavy alcohol use include: -Loss of appetite -Vitamin deficiencies -Stomachailments -Skin problems -Sexual impotence -Liver damage -Heart and centralnervous system damage -Memory lossHere are some quick clues to know if I, or someone close, has a drinkingproblem: -Inability to control drinking–it seems that regardless of whatyou decide beforehand, you frequently wind up drunk -Using alcohol toescape problems -A change in personality–turning from Dr.
Jekyll to Mr. Hyde -A high tolerance level–drinking just about everybody under the table-Blackouts–sometimes not remembering what happened while drinking-Problems at work or in school as a result of drinking -Concern shown byfamily and friends about drinking If you have a drinking problem, or if yoususpect you have a drinking problem, there are many others out there likeyou, and there is help available. You could talk to school counsellor, afriend, or a parent. Excessive alcohol consumption causes more than 100,000deaths annually in the UnitedStates, and although the number shows little sign of declining, the rateper100,000 population has trended down since the early 1980s. Accidents,mostly due to drunken driving, accounted for 24 percent of these deaths in1992. Alcohol-related homicide and suicide accounted for 11 and 8 percentrespectively.
Certain types of cancer that are partly attributable toalcohol, such as those of the esophageus, larynx, and oral cavity,contributed another 17 percent. About 9 percent is due to alcohol-relatedstroke. One of the most important contributors to alcohol-related deaths isa group of 12 ailments wholly caused by alcohol, among which alcoholiccirrhosis of the liver and alcohol dependence syndrome are the mostimportant. These 12 ailments together accounted for 18 percent of the totalalcohol-related deaths in 1992.
Mortality due to the 12 causes risessteeply into late middle age range and then declines markedly, with those85 and over being at less than one-sixth the risk of 55 to64-year olds. The most reliable data are for the 12 conditions whollyattributable to alcohol. The map shows these data for all people 35 andover. The geographical distribution for men and women follows much the samepattern, although men are three times as likely to die of one of the 12alcohol-induced ailments. The geographical distribution for whites andblacks follows roughly the same pattern but the rates for blacks are twoand half times higher.
In the late nineteenth century blacks, who were thenfar more abstemious than whites, were strong supporters of the temperancemovement, but the movement in the South was taken over by whites bent ondisenfranchising black people by any means possible, such as propagatinglurid tales of drink-crazed black men raping white women. Consequently,blacks became less involved in the temperance movement, a trend thataccelerated early in the twentieth century with the great migration ofblacks to the North, where liquor was freely available even duringProhibition. The geographical pattern of mortality from the 12 conditionswholly caused by alcohol is partly explained by the average alcoholconsumption among those who drink, which tends to be higher in theSoutheast .