Many have pondered upon the meaning of abortion. The
argument being that every child born should be wanted, and others
who believe that every child conceived should be born (Sass vii).
This has been a controversial topic for years. Many people want
to be able to decide the destiny of others. Everyone in the
United States is covered under the United States constitution,
and under the 14th Amendment women have been given the choice of
In 1973, Harry A. Blackmun wrote the majority opinion
that it’s a women’s right to have an abortion. Roe v. Wade
legalized abortion. Even though these people have been given the
right, the case is not closed. Pro-life activists carry a strong
argument, and continue to push their beliefs.
They feel so
strongly about these beliefs that violence has broken out in some
known instances. Pro-choice activists, on the other hand, also
carry very strong points. They believe that the child inside them
is their property and it’s life doesn’t be until birth. In 1973,
the United States Supreme Court decided that as long as the baby
lived in the womb, he or she would be the property of the mother.
Because of this decision almost every third baby conceived in
America is killed by abortion, over one and a half million babies
a year (Willke vii). Many countries have followed our decision on
the abortion issue and some of these include Canada, England, and
Other countries still believe abortion should be illegal,
they include Germany, Ireland, and New Zealand. Although many
believe that abortion is a women’s choice, abortion should be
banned because its immoral and life begins at conception.
Abortion is the choice of a women whether or not she want’s to
receive one. Under the 14th Amendment’s “personal liberty” women
are given the right to receive an abortion. The 14th Amendment’s
concept of “personal liberty” and restrictions on state action is
enough to allow a women’s decision whether or not to terminate
her pregnancy. The right to choose to have an abortion is so
personal and essential to women’s lives that without this right
women cannot exercise other fundamental rights and liberties
guaranteed by the Constitution (Paltrow 72).
The state can’t
interfere in the private lives of a citizen. Without the right to
choose an abortion the 14th Amendment’s guarantee of liberty has
little meaning for women. With the right to choose abortion,
women are able to enjoy, like men, the rights to fully use the
powers of their minds and bodies (Paltrow 73). A man can withdraw
from a relationship as soon as he finds out about a pregnancy.
There is no question of his involve t after that, he has made his
choice. It is only fair to say that women should be given the
If one doesn’t want to hold the responsibilities of
a child than she should be able to have the choice of abortion in
her options. ” Because contraceptives fail, and because they are
not always available or possible to use, abortion is necessary if
people are to be able to determine whether and when to “bear or
beget a child”(Paltrow 72). Couples choose the alternative of
abortion so they can start or expand their families when they
feel most ready and able to care for them. Women choose to have
an abortion because pregnancy and childbirth can prevent them
from keeping their jobs, from feeding their families, and from
serving others in ways they consider necessary and appropriate.
Pregnancy and child birth may determine whether a women ever gets
to start or complete her education, which will significantly
influence her ability to support herself and her family. The
availabilit y of abortion makes it possible for people not only
to choose the number of children they want, but also to create
the kind of family life they have always wanted for themselves,
to meet their responsibilities.
If a women cannot choose to
terminate an unwanted pregnancy, she is denied the right to the
“possession and control” of her own body. One of the most sacred
rights of common law is to choose and if a women can’t do this
than their most important possession is taken away. Abortion
isn’t only a women’s right, it’s a women’s choice. However,
allowing abortion to be legal is immoral. A pre-born child is
given the status of a “product of pregnancy” and never seen as
the miracle only a women can create. Compassion for the small one
is drowned out under a demand for “rights”, but what about the
rights for the unborn.