Abnormal Psychology: Mental DisordersAndrew WaltersSchizophreniahttp://www. mentalhealth. com/book/p40-sc02. html#Head_1Schizophrenia is a disorder that can effect anyone.
It is the greatestthe greatest disorder that effects teenagers. When someone is effected by thedisorder it is not just that one person that has to learn to deal with it, thefamilies of the patients must also learn to deal with it. There are many possible causes for the disorder with many doctorsbelieving that there is more than one cause. What has been thought as the maincause for many years is a chemical imbalance in the brain. This could be animbalance in the number of neurotransmitters and/or an imbalance in the amountof dopamine.Order now
Stress is not thought of as directly causing Schizophrenia, butoften makes already present symptoms worse. some doctors feel thatSchizophrenia might be the result of a slow acting virus since the symptoms canbe delayed many years after the first infection. Another possible cause for thedisorder is a genetic disposition. This has yet to be proven but it is thoughtof as a likely cause since children who have a parent with the disorder have aten times greater chance of developing the illness than children who haveabnormal parents.
If both parents have the disorder the chance of their offspring having the disorder jumps to forty times that of of an off spring withnormal parents. Some times as equally as important as finding what causesa disease is finding what does not cause a disease. It is said thatSchizophrenia is: not caused by a domineering mother and/or a passive father,not caused by childhood experiences, poverty, or not caused by the feeling ofguilt or failure. People who have schizophrenia can be divided up into three equal groups:those who only have one episode in their entire life, those who have continualepisodes but live normal lives between them, and a third group who have neverending symptoms. The symptoms that define an episode of schizophrenia cangenerally be described as deterioration from a previous level of functioning. The number one symptom of schizophrenia is the inability to separate thereal form the unreal.
As stress starts to build and the symptoms get worsethere is often a decline in work achievements along with declining of relationswith others. Because the these symptoms might start off very minor, it ismostly the families that notice them first. Thus it is up to the family toinsist on a professional assessment of the person in question. Families alsomust play a key role in watching over the patient while there are undergoingtreatment which usually consist taking medication in different amount until theproper amount is found.
The constant research going on leads to putting more pieces of thepuzzle together all the time. Using EEGs it was found that the impulses sentby the brain to other parts of the body are not normal in people withschizophrenia. It has also been found that there are definitely abnormalitiesin the proteins of those suffering from the disease. Bipolar Disorderhttp://pages. prodigy. com/bipolarcyclone/facefear.
htmhttp://www. mhsource. com/expert/exp1042296a. htmlhttp://www.
healthguide. com:80/Bipolar/common. stmBipolar disorder is a mood disorder in which the effects who a personfeels about the world around and even themselves. It makes them feel depressedand if left untreated suicide is often the result. Around 1.
5% of thepopulation is effect by some type of the disorder. Unlike many other disorders,bipolar effects a higher percent of those with a higher social status. Bipolar disorder usually comes on while the person is in their earlytwenties. It is thought that the disorder is polygenetic meaning dependentupon several genes. This conclusion was reached because child who have parentswith the disorder are up to twenty times more likely to suffer from it. Thoughthe disorder can cause serious problems, many famous and successful people havesuffered from it including Ernest Hemingway and Vincent Van Gogh.
One of the major steps in treating some one with bipolar disorder isdiagnosing it. People often say they of symptoms similar to those of thedisorder as a result of a different disorder. These symptoms include hearingvoices, being possessed by something, and having a sleeping disorder. In orderto determine if a patient suffers from the disorder or not, family members areoften questioned to see if the patient acts the way they claims they do.
Theyare often asked about the patients sleeping since it is hard to fake a sleepingdisorder. A family history is often obtained to help decide if bipolar