strial Revolution. The 18th century brought about many changes to European countries. Advancements in science, technology and engineering brought about animprovement in living conditions to the widespread area. The improved livingconditions induced an increase of population by the millions.
From1750-1800, the English population grew from 6 to 9 million and the Frenchpopulation grew from 19 to an enormous increase of 26 million. Strictersanitation came about decreasing the amount of disease drastically. Foodbecame cheaper because of increased purchases. Items that once consideredluxuries became necessities. Sugar, chocolate, coffee, tea, and furs changedinto household items instead of extravagances only the very wealthy couldafford. Even the poor were able to afford new vegetables, such as potatoesand carrots, and cotton and linen clothing.Order now
The increase in population alsobrought about the demanding for the increase of goods. In order to meet theneeds of the countries, vendors, store owners and merchants were forced intolarge scale production of their merchandise. The creation of factories came about by retailers struggling to meet therequirements of the masses surrounding them. The formation of power drivenmachinery was launched in order to compete with others. The machinery turnedout products by the thousands or even millions depending on the needs of thecountry. The first factories were relatively small in scale, but there werealso large employers who had a few thousand.
The factory system destroyedthe great majority of old hand trades because the desire for hand craftedmaterials was decreased due to the expense and the slow creation process. Some farmers abandoned their farming because of the changing conditions andbegan working at factories for low wages. The Industrial Revolution brought about a new way of distributing goods. Itmade production quicker, more efficient and cost effective.
All peoplethought the advancements made created a better environment surrounding them,but the workers in the factories were frequently plagued by ailments receivedwhile working in dangerous conditions that came with the job. People may saythat the Industrial Revolution was a great time in history where livingconditions of all were better, but in actuality many became unhealthy becauseof unpleasant working conditions. In effect, the Revolution did more harmthen it did help. School children were taught that they were to keep busy in their workbecause of the consequences facing them in the lines of a simple school hymnwhich say, In works of labour or of skill I would be busy too; For Satanfinds some mischief for idle hands to do. (Isaac Watts, Divine and MoralSongs for Children 1869) This document very reliable not only because anauthor and date are provided, but because it is probably wide knownthroughout England since it is a hymn taught to the children of the middleclass. Workers during the Industrial Revolution often felt overworked because ofthe long, stressful hours placed upon them by their employers.
A Manchesterspinner explains that they are locked up in factories eight stories high,(the worker) has no relaxation till the ponderous engine stops, and then theygo home to get refreshed for the next day; no time for sweet association withtheir families; they are all alike fatigued and exhausted. (Black Dwarf,1818) This document highlights good points surrounding the overworking ofthe workers, but since there is no name, the reliability of the document isdecreased greatly. There was a great deal of back breaking work that workerswere forced to do during continuous and strenuous hours. This did not happen during the whole period of industrialization, but beganwhen the introduction of machines such as the steam engine explains thespinner. They say that when steam engines were incorporated, workmen losttheir power over their labor implying that they needed now to keep up withthe machines pace instead of their own.
Not only did factory workers feeloverworked, many other occupations felt the strain put on them by theirunending hours. A miner in Germany also explains my forehead burns likefire. . . when it becomes unbearable I stop my slow, energyless working. Thisdocument is highly unreliable because it lacks a citation of where it isfrom.
It also lacks a specific date. We were given the timing of thisexcerpt to a vague time of early in the twentieth century. Both documentsdisplay the objection to the long hours put in by workers , but they do havea reason to distort information in order to .